The garden named for ‘Frida Kahlo’ at Casa Azul in Mexico City is flourishing 20 years after Mexico’s world acclaimed painter once said, “I paint flowers so they will not die.” This lively, colorful scarlet and red gold striped flower of a one of a kind rose reminds us of her enduring spirit. The swirls of color continue to intensify from bud to fully open rose. The striking vibrancy of the clusters are set on a healthy, naturally disease resistant plant covered in beautiful dark green, glossy foliage making this easily a number one pick for number one of the new roses in the floribunda category.
“I paint flowers so they will not die” ~ Mexico’s World Acclaimed Painter Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo de Rivera was a Mexican artist inspired by nature and artifacts of Mexico & the country’s pop culture. She used a folk art style to explore culture and native identities.
#2 ‘Easy Spirit’
‘Easy Spirit’, new to Weeks Roses ‘Easy To Love’ Collection 2018, bred by Tom Carruth Roses, a Garden Legend, now Curator of The Huntington. ‘Easy Spirit’ is a floribunda that blooms with almost full size roses, naturally disease resistant, fragrant, & floriferous. Even if you think you aren’t that fond of white roses you’ll love this white with a cream base rose.
# 3 ‘Easy To Please’
‘Easy To Please’ from the Weeks Roses Easy To LoveÂ® Collection disease resistance surpasses many of the landscape shrubs, & this super flowerful rose is fragrant as well, making perfect foliage a big plus on top of all the extras.
#4 ‘Francis Meilland’ HT
‘Francis Meilland’ winner of the 2015 Biltmore Rose Trials ‘Best Hybrid Tea’ and is very fragrant as well as disease resistant.
#5 ‘Savannah’ HT
‘Savannah’ bred by Kordes Roses, winner of the ‘Best Hybrid Tea’ at The Biltmore Rose Trials is a rose you will cherish in your garden
‘Highwire Flyer’ bred by the infamous Will Radler won “Best Climber’ for ‘Highwire Climber at the Biltmore Rose Trials for his magnificent creation, ‘Highwire Flyer’. Walking the event with the Jackson & Perkins execs I had predicted his rose would win to them for fun before the winners were announced, it was just that an amazing of a rose!
#8 ‘Party Hardy
Created in Canada to survive zone 3 this ‘Party Hardy’ is the most amazing rose you can imagine. Winter hardy, disease resistant, fragrant, prune it like a shrub or let it grow like a climber it’s a winner either way.
#9 ‘Cape Diamond’
I’ll sing this roses praises from the roof tops. It’s one of the most disease resistant roses in the world, guaranteed free of: blackspot, powdery mildew, rust, downey mildew guaranteed
#10 ‘Oso Easy Double Red’
‘Oso EasyÂ® Double Red’, bred by Alain Meilland of France, was evaluated under the harshest of conditions among 1000’s of rose plants until one was selected that lived up to the high standards for ultimate inclusion in the Proven Winners-Color Choice Line
This is my pick for the ‘Top Ten New Roses’. I listed 3 floribunda roses, 3 hybrid tea roses and two climbers, one that you can prune as a shrub if you choose to and the last but not least ‘Oso Easy Double Red’ is a shrub. I contemplated listing ‘Miracle On The Hudson’ because it is a sensational shrub however it’s a little bit more difficult for the consumer to locate. Keep that in mind though “Miracle On The Hudson’ is a spectacular rose and it is my choice for the next list. I once had a mentor tell me people think in threes so choose three of these roses and you have a rose garden. Pick your color scheme, choose three of these roses and you won’t go wrong. I guarantee that you will be successful with any or all of these roses. Happy Rose Growing.
Tree peonies are significantly different than peonies because they sprout growth on the old canes left from the year before. So do not cut down the old canes on your tree peonies like ‘Black Dragon’ tree peony that I am showing you in the video. Here’s the remarkable growth sprouting on the old canes from last year:
Glorious Fragrant Peonies
Mom’s 5 Tips On Growing Peonies
Peonies require minimal care when planted properly
Plant peonies at ground level or they “will come up blind” meaning they won’t bloom. Plant tubers no deeper than 2 inches deep in northern climates with eyes pointing up.
Add 2-4 cups of bone meal around each plant per year and gently work into the soil then cover with a layer of peat moss.
Surround your peonies with Canadian sphagnum peat moss and work into the soil every year.
Ants are attracted to and eat the sweet nectar secreted by the peony bud. This is why folks often thought ants were required for peonies to bloom by ‘eating open’ the bud. Ants do not harm the plant and aren’t required for the buds to open. They disappear after blooming.
Divide the peony with a sharp pruning shovel to propagate the plant. It’s best to divide peonies when they are dormant or they may not bloom for a few years. My peonies were still dormant that were buried in bushes in the spring and they have propagated with great success.
First Things First
I’m so thrilled these old peonies divided so nicely. Happy Spring! Enjoy Your Peonies!
PORTLAND ROSE SOCIETYâ€™S SPRING ROSE PRUNING GUIDE 2/19
As Spring progresses, gardeners begin to get anxious, particularly the rose gardener who wants to get out and prune the roses. Pruning roses is really a rather simple process, but a process which is hard to put into words. Every experienced rose grower will describe the technique slightly differently and probably will do it slightly differently. One important fact to remember is that no matter how you prune, unless you cut the rose off below the ground line, it will survive and bloom. A total lack of pruning will yield poorer results than any amount of over pruning you may do. So prune with confidence and the results will be good. A fact to remember is that we prune rose bushes for us, not for the rose. The rose will continue to thrive even if it has no pruning done to it, but it will not be as beautiful. To learn more about pruning roses, attend one of the pruning demonstrations presented by the PRS where you can ask specific questions, (the schedule of pruning demonstrations is in the PRS calendar), but for those who cannot attend, the following information should suffice as a guide to pruning roses competently and with confidence.
Identifying The Strongest Healthiest Canes
In studying the bottom of the bush, identify the youngest and strongest canes. These can be identified by their color, texture and size. Young canes, one or two years old, are usually green in color and have a relatively smooth outer surface. As canes age they will usually become darker or grey-brown in color as it develops a thicker bark. Aging canes also become rough in texture due to the cracking and peeling of the outer bark. With hybrid tea roses, canes which are easily identified as being old, are usually not very productive and should be entirely removed by cutting them off at the bud union (their origin) using loppers or a pruning saw. (See the darkened cane in the illustration to the right.) A non-productive older cane can be identified by looking at last year’s growth emanating from it. If all of the growth coming from an old cane is small and twiggy it is a sign that this is a cane that should be removed because it is no longer able to produce vigorous new growth and flowers. An old cane that has large healthy looking secondary canes coming from it is usually still productive and should be saved. If a cane is to be removed cut it off as close to the bud union as possible. Stumps of canes left protruding from the bud union after pruning are unattractive. If stumps are left sticking up they will eventually be consumed by fungi and will rot away. Since gardening is about beauty, try to remove old canes during pruning, the result is more pleasing than rotting stumps.
Opening Up The Center of The Rose Bush
Next, remove any of the younger canes which cross the middle of the bush. These canes should either be removed entirely back to the bud union, or back to the major cane from which they originated. Growth from crossing canes will become intertwined with other new growth with the net result being fewer quality flowers. Then remove canes which are crowded close to each other, usually leaving the larger one of each crowded pair. Finally, if there is any twiggy growth remaining anywhere on the bush, remove it back to its point of origin. (All of the dark colored areas on the bush in the illustration would be removed to achieve the desired effect.)
Pruned In A Vase Like Shape Open In Center
When the pruning is finished, the ideal rose bush will have only sturdy, healthy canes radiating from the bud union. In reality, this ideal is rarely achieved. Most bushes do not have enough canes growing in just the right directions to be ideal. If the bush has only 2, 3 or 4 canes, it would be best to allow them all to remain, unless one of them is truly a nonproductive old cane. If the rose has 5 to 7 or more canes, you can then begin making decisions about which ones to remove to achieve a pleasing balance. For most rose bushes, an outcome similar to the diagram below would be desirable.
Ideal Rose Bush With Health Canes
Maintaining a Disease Free Rose Bed
Also at this time, if there are still old leaves clinging to any of the canes, which is not likely, remove them because old leaves which have over-wintered may be disease carriers. These leaves should come off easily with a slight pull. Finally, spray the newly pruned bushes with a summer use fungicide. Do not apply any dormant sprays after pruning. The most common dormant sprays contain chemicals at concentrations that may damage the young buds that have already begun to grow. Many of this year’s disease problems are initiated when the buds first begin to grow, which they are probably already doing. Fungus spores which often over-winter on the canes and under the vegetative bud scales which cover the dormant buds can infect the bush as the buds begin to break, unless a preventative fungicidal spray is used. Spraying with fungicides should be repeated at 10 day to two week intervals during wet or damp weather to help maintain disease free bushes.
Clean Out Garden Debris
How low should hybrid tea roses be pruned? Again, every experienced rose grower will probably give a slightly different answer.
Three Categories Of Pruning
There are basically three general categories recognized for finished pruning height. The first is referred to as “hard pruning”. The illustrations at the right depict an average rose bush before pruning and after it has been “hard” pruned. When doing a hard pruning, the canes are cut back to a length such that there are only three or four buds on each of three to five canes. This will result in leaving only very sturdy canes about 5-12 inches long. Hard pruning is sometimes recommended for newly planted roses and is often used by exhibitors to promote the growth of exhibition quality blooms. The logic behind this is that the new canes which will grow from the old canes can be no larger than the ones from which they originated. So, if the new canes grow from very large canes, there is a good possibility that they will be large too. These larger flowering canes often produce larger flowers. Overall the result from hard pruning is larger but fewer flowers on the bush.
The second category is “moderate pruning”. The illustration at the right depicts the same plant after a moderate pruning. In this method, the canes are cut back to about 12-18 inches. Weaker than average canes need to be reduced by more than this amount. This is the recommended pruning style for most HT’s and floribundas in home gardens. This method of pruning will result in a bush that will produce more flowers and a bigger plant during the current season, but these flowers may be slightly smaller and the canes a little smaller than if the rose was given a “hard pruning”.
The third category of spring pruning is “light pruning”. The illustration at the right depicts the same plant with light pruning. In light pruning, the canes are cut back so that about two-thirds of their length still remains when the job is finished. Light pruning is not generally recommended because it often results in overly tall, spindly bushes in our climate area. These bushes will bear blooms earlier in the year, but the blooms will often be of poor quality and without stems suitable for cutting. The stems that are produced may have insufficient size to hold up the flowers. Among the hybrid tea roses there seems to be at least one exception to moderate pruning being the best practice. Peace roses and their descendants seem to perform better if given a light pruning. However, it is still wise to remove all the little and twiggy growth.
Light Pruning & Climbers
The severity of pruning has less influence over the growth and flower production of the bush than we think, unless little to no pruning is done. When we have had severe winters in Portland, severe enough to have killed a majority of rose canes all the way to the bud union, (to the ground), we have had some of our best spring rose shows, indicating that the bushes have the ability to re-grow rapidly. When winters are mild to moderate, like the current winter has been (so far), many people are prompted to do only a light pruning on the roses since all of the canes are alive and sprouting. When pruning time approaches, there may already be a lot of leafy growth on the roses and this is very difficult for many novice rose growers, and others, to remove during the pruning process. These lightly pruned bushes will produce lots of growth from the ends of the relatively small canes. This new growth will tend to be small in diameter and much of it may be broken off by the spring rains or by the weight of developing flowers. So, do not be afraid that you will over prune. It is almost always true that pruning too hard will produce better results than pruning too little.
NOTE: During any pruning take note of the color of the cut surface of the cane. It should be almost white. If the cut surface of the cane (stem) is brown it indicates that the cane has been damaged by the winter, and you need to cut it again a little lower until you find undamaged cane. It takes time for freeze damage to develop so it is possible that some healthy looking canes will need to be pruned again later in the spring.
Climbers need to be pruned differently. If a climber is trained into a horizontal position, as illustrated in the diagram, the only pruning that should be done in the spring is to prune the laterals, the short upright shoots coming from the main canes. These laterals should be reduced in length by pruning such that only two or three bud eyes remain, which is usually about 2-4 inches. An alternate method is to completely remove the laterals. The rose will then produce new laterals from dormant eyes in the main cane. The areas of pruning are marked with slashes on the diagram. Also, any old canes that are detected as being unproductive (no vigorous growth being produced by them in the previous year) should be removed to ground level (the bud union). New canes should be trained by tying them into a horizontal position. Any additional pruning should be done only to shape the bush to fit the style that is desired and to keep it in bounds. Climbers are meant to be large so we leave a lot of healthy wood.
Miniature roses are pruned in much the same way as hybrid tea roses, just on a smaller scale. Prune healthy canes back to 4 to 8 inches long and remove all the twiggy growth. Miniatures are very vigorous and will respond well to severe pruning by producing a number of new basal breaks, new stems originating from below the ground. You can prune them by shearing them if you like.
Old Garden Roses | Bloom On Old Wood
At this time, OGR’s and other onetime bloomers should be only lightly pruned to shape and control their size and to remove old unproductive wood. More pruning can be done, but these rose types produce their blooms on old wood and removing additional wood now reduces this year’s blooms. Save any major pruning on these roses until the blooming cycle is completed.
English Roses | David Austin’s
The English (David Austin’s) roses may be pruned like hybrid teas, but using the light to moderate pruning methods. Most of the English roses bloom on new wood, so pruning is done to produce a healthy base that can accommodate the current yearâ€™s growth just like HT’s, floribundas etc. Basically, if they grow like a climber, prune them like a climber and if they grow like a hybrid tea rose, prune them like a hybrid tea. I
In summation for any rose plant – remove all parts of the bush that are too small or weak to hold up the growth anticipated for this year and leave as much strong wood as you want, the more you leave the bigger the bush will be and the more flowers you will get. Portland Rose Society
This PORTLAND ROSE SOCIETY GUIDE TO PRUNING ROSES was reprinted with permission from Rich Baer of the PORTLAND ROSE SOCIETY P.O. Box 515 Portland, OR 97207
If you are interested in more information about the PORTLAND ROSE SOCIETY please visit their website www.portlandrosesociety.org for a calendar of events, membership information, upcoming events and about products available for their fundraisers.
It would be difficult to determine what he loves more: talking to people about roses or roses. This much is true, his total dedication and love for roses is what belonging to the American Rose Society is all about.
Frank DeVries is All About Education
In 2015 the Chicago Flower & Garden Show was 10 days long! Frank’s commitment was to be at the show to answer any and all questions the public may have about growing roses debunking the idea that roses are difficult and persnickety. Through education we worked to show attendees how easy it is to grow roses. Frank’s dedication and love for roses and people is what makes growing roses fun & easy.
Everyone Signs Up For The American Rose Society Newsletter!
Frank DeVries is a member of the Sauk Trail Rose Society and during the show since 2014 if he could he would pick me up at 7:30 A.M at the hotel and we would drive to Navy Pier. He had a special place to park so we didn’t have so far to walk. He paid for the parking at Navy Pier out of his own pocket. We stayed all day until 4:30-5:00 P.M. working promoting the American Rose Society and educating folks about how to grow roses. We signed up folks to receive the American Rose Society Newsletter and trial memberships all day. Then he dropped me off at the hotel and drove 1-1/2 -2 hours home in Chicago’s rush hour traffic.
Keep Talkin’ Roses
Then he came back the next day for 10 days all to promote our beloved American Rose Society. That’s how much Frank loves roses, educating folks about how to grow roses and signing up folks for American Rose Society Membership, and because we both believe folks love and want roses and will grow them if they learn through education they can be easy to grow. That’s what Frank did to support his rose society and help me sign up ARS membership each year, because we both believe the member benefits are so beneficial.
Rose Docents Have Come As Far As From WI!
Frank supported each volunteer that would come to assist the docents that worked at our table. Everything that Frank is about is what makes growing roses all about a sense of belonging to a community. If you are a member of the American Rose Society because of Frank or want to belong please send me or Frank a message or send him a friend request because over the last four years he has signed up no less than a 1000 names for membership, you see because he loves people even more than he loves roses. Frank DeVries is the most self-less caring person I have ever met and has given more of himself to promote and educate people working beside me signing up and educating people about roses since 2014 than anyone else I know. Thank-you Frank.
Roses For Every Garden
My ‘Roses For Every Garden’ presentation was Thursday, at March 21, 10:45 A.M. The conference room was almost full and we had a great group. We talked about roses that are best suited to your USDA plant hardiness zone and by determining what your goals are to plan for success. Points we covered are benefits of membership in the American Rose Society and using the Handbook For Selecting Roses and how beneficial the rating system is before purchasing your roses can be.With an exciting new five-day format and a jam-packed schedule of things to do, see, and learn; we interpret the unique role flowers, plants, and gardens play in our rose gardens as companion plants. During the show, â€œFLOWERTALES: we visited and took pictures of many plants for you to enjoy and add to your garden. We want to hear from YOU!
Full House of Attendees!
We explored with attendees in an interactive and highly visual presentation what visitors want to achieve in their gardens with roses. Today, there are so many types of roses to choose from that suit all lifestyles. We explored the exciting, easy care varieties of roses, suitable for busy lives that include environmentally friendly and minimal care plants. Remarkably, many gardeners perceive roses as difficult to grow and are hesitant about adding roses to their garden landscapes. We dispelled that myth through education.
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“So many individuals have told me they want to add roses to their landscape but are hesitant due to lack of knowledge. Volunteers like American Rose Society Frank Devries are all about educating folks it’s easy to grow roses.” ~ Susan Fox
Roses are the ‘Diva’ of the flower world. Statistics say you want roses is your garden. One of the most often searched plant on the Web is the rose. Before you head out to garden centers to buy roses here’s an easy guide to rose classifications.
Roses are a big investment, educate yourself on rose classifications and varieties available before you make an investment.
Rose Education Leads To Successful Rose Growing
Here are photos of each classification of rose so that you can familiarize yourself with what you may be looking for in the type rose you want to grow. Learn to recognize the differences and what to look for in the rose classification you want, then identify a color you like and you’re in business. You can read the tag on the rose all about the rose ‘variety Rose bushes are a big investment. Decide what you want to achieve with roses before you buy.
An Easy To Love | Easy To Grow | Rose Garden
85% of folks say roses are their favorite flower. They want easy-to-grow roses. Rose breeders have listened to YOU! Each year there are better, minimal care roses available that you will have great success growing.