Rose Classifications | Review Before You Buy

Gaga's Garden In Bloom
The Rose Garden | This Picture Can Barely Capture the Glory of It
The Rose Garden | This Picture Can Barely Capture the Glory of It

“A goal without a plan is just a wish.”
― Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

Roses are the ‘Diva’ of the flower world. Statistics say you want roses is your garden. One of the most often searched plant is the rose. Before you head out to garden centers to buy roses here’s an easy guide to what rose classifications mean. Here’s a few rose winners to look for. Rose bushes are a big investment. Decide what you want to achieve with roses before you buy.

'Good As Gold' Hybrid Tea Rose. Bold, beautiful, double-dipped yellow burnished with a touch of golden red, its a heart stopper!
‘Good As Gold’ Hybrid Tea Rose. Bold, beautiful, double-dipped yellow burnished with a touch of golden red, its a heart stopper!

An Easy To Love |  Easy To Grow | Rose Garden

85% of folks say roses are their favorite flower. They want easy-to-grow roses. Rose breeders are listening to YOU! Each year there are better, minimal care roses available that you can have great success with. Here are some Weeks Roses, Meilland Roses, Kordes Roses, and Conard Pyle Star Roses that I’ve personally grown and can vouch for. Some roses I list below have won at the Biltmore Rose Trials. You can also see videos on my Gaga’s Garden Facebook page. They are included because of their disease resistance, ease of care, beauty and fragrance. I can vouch for their high degree of success in my Illinois and Texas gardens. A side note on one of my new favorite roses: World famous hybridizer, Christian Bédard told a highly reliable friend of mine that the hybrid tea ‘Pretty Lady Rose’ may be the best rose he’s ever bred. I can tell you its at the top of my list for true perfection.

Modern Rose Classifications

Hybrid Tea | Grandiflora Rose | America’s Favorite Flower

Hybrid tea roses are perfect for any rose garden.*

  • Hybrid tea roses are ideal for cut flowers and creating your own bouquets
  • A hybrid tea is easily identifiable by its large, shapely 30-50 petal blooms on long stems
  • Grandiflora roses bear clusters of full size roses, the 1st was ‘Queen Elizabeth’ in 1954

Here are some true winners:

A Candelabra of 'Pretty Lady Rose' 2nd in the Weeks Roses Series of Downton Abbey Roses
A Candelabra of ‘Pretty Lady Rose’ 2nd in the Weeks Roses Series of Downton Abbey Roses | One of My Favorites

Weeks Roses 2nd in their The Downton Abbey Series | ‘Pretty Lady Rose’ New 2016 Description:

  • Dark even rose pink almost fuchsia
  • 4-5 “ Large old fashioned ruffled petals
  • The smell of peonies with a hint of spices

    'Francis Meilland' the Best Hybrid Tea named at the Biltmore International Rose Trials 2015
    ‘Francis Meilland’ hybrid tea rose, winner of Biltmore International Rose Trials ‘Pauline Merrell Award for Best Hybrid Tea Rose 2015’

‘Francis Meilland’ 1996 Description:

  • Color: Very large shell pink flowers
  • Winter hardy disease resistant
  • Winner of Biltmore International Rose Trials ‘Best Hybrid Tea’
  • Videoed and rated by me for the American Rose Society Web site
  • Strong fruity and citrusy fragrance

    Award of Excellence Best Established Rose | Bred by Dr. Walter E. Lammerts (United States, 1954).
    Award of Excellence Best Established Rose

‘Queen Elizabeth’ First Grandiflora 1954 Description:

  • Pink 4” with large petals, and pointed buds
  • Moderate rose fragrance
  • ‘Best Established’ Rose at The 2015 Biltmore International Rose Trials, I was a rose judge 

Floribundas | Polyantha

  • Floribundas are known for large clusters of flowered trusses & rapid bloom cycles
  • They bear flowers in large clusters and trusses in a profusion of bloom 
  • This class is unrivaled for providing massive colorful lasting garden displays 
  • Floribundas are hardier, more easy care & reliable in wet weather than their HT counterparts
  • Polyanthas are smaller but very sturdy plants with large clusters of small masses of blooms
'Bolero' In The Heat of Summer In Illinois
‘Bolero’ In The Heat of Summer In Illinois

‘Bolero’ Description:

  • White, large blooms with 100 petals
  • Old rose and spicy fragrance
  • Bushy and about 3 feet tall

    'Julia Child' by Weeks Roses featured this shot of 'Julia Child' in The American Rose Society 2014 Calendar
    ‘Julia Child’ by Weeks Roses featured this shot of ‘Julia Child’ in The American Rose Society 2014 Calendar

‘Julia Child’ Description:

  • One of the top selling roses in the world
  • Butter/gold yellow in color, medium very full 3-4” blooms
  • Strong licorice fragrance

    'Easy Does It' In The Illinois Garden
    ‘Easy Does It’ In The Illinois Garden

‘Easy Does It’ Description:

  • Gorgeous Mango Peach
  • Ever blooming with a moderate fragrance
  • Disease resistant, one of my all time favorites! 

For Hedge and Borders | Shrub Rose| English Roses

  • Shrub roses grow  in a sprawling direction from 5 to 15 feet in every direction based on your climate and growing condition
  • The unique group of English roses hybridized by David Austin Roses belong to this class of shrub roses.
  • Recurrent bloomers, often have wonderful fragrance of Old Garden Roses
Close-Up of 'Watercolors Home Run' Shrub Rose
Close-Up of ‘Watercolors Home Run’ Shrub Rose

‘Water Colors Home Run’ by Weeks Roses Description:

  • 3 colors showy flame red | yellow gold pink blush | Hot Pink
  • Medium height and bloom size
  • Winter hardy and disease resistant'Bonica' Beautiful prolific ever blooming shrub

‘Bonica’ Beautiful prolific ever blooming shrub Description:

  • ‘Bonica’ Inducted into the World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Hall of Fame in 2003
  • Prolific, blooms in flushes throughout the season.
  • Prolific, flush, medium to large, cluster-flowered (26-40 petals) stems of blooms cluster-flowered shrub
'Drift® Chamboeuf'
‘Drift® Chamboeuf’

‘Drift®’ Groundcover Roses by Star Roses and Plants

  • 8 colors from White Drift Rose to Red Drift Rose
  • Blooms 1 ½” -3” bushes about 2 feet tall spreading
  • Winter hardy, disease resistant, and easy to grow’
Named for the founding figure of the Industrial Revolution
‘Abraham Darby’ a David Austin Rose amed for the founding figure of the Industrial Revolution

‘Abraham Darby’ Description: David Austin Shrub

  • David Austin Shrub rose
  • Very large, rounded, cup-shaped flower with up to 70 petals
  • Vigorous and hardy in all areas
  • Fruity fragrance

Large Flowered Climbers | Climbing Roses

  • Dominated by their growth habit with long arching canes
  • Ability to climb over fences, walls, trellises arbors and pergolas
  • Climbers offer a wide range of flower colors, forms, & shapes with canes from 10-14 feet tall.
'Above and Beyond' after its roped up!
‘Above and Beyond’ after its roped up!

‘Above and Beyond’ Description:

  • The old classic ‘Westerland’ raised modernized with 21st century ‘best-off-best’ qualities!
  • Salmon-orange blend, repeat blooming, 10-14 feet
  • Old fashioned, 3 ½”-4” blooms, fruity fragrance
Bee on Fourth of July Climbing Rose Bush
Bee on Fourth of July Climbing Rose Bush
  • ‘4th of July’ Description:

      • Gorgeous Red striped and bright white
      • 10-14 feet canes
      • Fresh cut apple and & sweet rose fragrance

Miniature or miniflora roses

  • Ideal for containers and small space gardens, hardy due to being grown on own root
  • Great for edging, rockeries, indoor gardens
  • Minifloras are a new class introduced by ARS in 1999 for the size between miniature roses & floribundas
'All a Twitter'
‘All a Twitter’

‘All a’ Twitter’ Description:

  • Twinkling brilliant orange
  • Tall, medium size blooms
  • Winter hardy

*Roses require 6-8 hours of full sun. They will bloom with 4 hours of full sun but they have more foliage and less blooms.

 

 

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Labor Days of Love

Summerifiq Hibiscus | Summer Snapdragons | Supertunias Vista Fuchsia

If you have a garden and a library, you have everything you need.”
― Marcus Tullius Cicero

Labor Day is a day lots of us organize and get ready for the school year, and settling into the busy time of planning, and budgets at work before the holiday season is upon us.

Summerific® Hibiscus | Summer Snapdragons | Supertunias Vista Fuchsia | Meteor Shower
Summerific® Hibiscus | Summer Snapdragons | Supertunias Vista Fuchsia | Meteor Shower

Do you meditate? Does the simple act of ‘being’ give you pleasure? Or are you happier doing? Let me give you an example. I explained to my daughter-in-law aka my therapist that I didn’t really enjoy watching the cooking channels.

'Sunsprite' Blooming on Labor Day Week-End
‘Sunsprite’ Blooming on Labor Day Week-End

I told her watching them made me feel inadequate as a cook and that they make me feel like running out out and start creating elegant meals. She said, “that’s because “You’re a doer.”

'Stormy Weather' Against a backdrop of Blue Skies and Fluffy Clouds
‘Stormy Weather’ Against a backdrop of Blue Skies and Fluffy Clouds

Another example of ‘doer’ behavior is this: time and time again I would invite my Mother to come sit in the rose garden with me. No sooner than the moment I would sit down than I would see a spent bloom and hop up and start dead-heading.

'Oh My!' Floribunda Roses Against A September Sky
‘Oh My!’ Floribunda Roses Against A September Sky

Gardening is the perfect outlet for ‘doers’. Channel your labors of love. Spending time doing things in the garden teaches us so many things. I thought on this Labor Day I would reflect upon the things you can learn from Laboring in the Rose Garden:

Kimberlina' Blooming on Labor Day Week-End
‘Kimberlina’ Floribunda Rose Blooming on Labor Day Week-End

Reflections of a Laborer in The Rose Garden 

  • Patience;  planting, waiting for new growth is exciting
  • Forgiveness; Roses are very forgiving with a little TLC
  • Responsibility; though forgiving plants still require care
  • Balance; the balance of nature is delicate but strong
  • Tranquility; the sounds of nature can calm a troubled spirit
  • Harmony; nature in balance is beautiful to watch
  • You learn more while being on your knees
  • Sharing; a garden is a gathering place
  • Fragrance; memory triggers evoke strong emotions
  • Labors Of Love: You create your own aesthetically pleasing visual masterpiece

Aesthetics is a set of principles concerned with nature and appreciation of beauty, especially in capturing it through photography as art.

 

A Rose By Any Other Name…

The Desert Shall Bloom Like the Rose" Entryway to the Walk of Roses | Summerific® 'Perfect Storm' - Rose Mallow - Hibiscus hybrid - perennial by Proven Winners

“A rose by any other name would smell as sweet” ~ William Shakespeare

Fun is one of the most mysterious words in the English language. Catch it, contain it, bottle it and sell it if you can. Define it if you dare. Each person has a different idea of fun. Fun comes when you least expect it so be on the look out or you may miss it. Seldom have I found ‘fun’ when it was planned and most expected, and often I’ve found it when it was least expected.

The Desert Shall Bloom Like the Rose" Entryway to the Walk of Roses | Summerific® 'Perfect Storm' - Rose Mallow - Hibiscus hybrid - perennial by Proven Winners
Number Of Seven | Summerific® ‘Perfect Storm’ – Rose Mallow – Hibiscus hybrid – perennial by Proven Winners

Such is the case when I discovered that a hibiscus is known by the name ‘rose mallow’. I planted this gentle tropical giant at the entry of the Rose Walk Way in the Rock Rose Garden. The shear audacity of a giant tropical ‘Rose Mallow’ planted in the middle of a country setting across from corn fields was fun and it tickles me pink. This is the essence of a juxtaposition.

Summerific® 'Perfect Storm' - Rose Mallow - Hibiscus hybrid - perennial by Proven Winners With Lion Garden Statues Smelling The Fragrance
Summerific® ‘Perfect Storm’ – Rose Mallow – Hibiscus hybrid – perennial by Proven Winners With Lion Garden Statues Smelling The Fragrance

The Hibiscus ‘Rose Mallow’

Native to China, the hibiscus is confused often times with many plants; from the ‘Rose of Sharon’ to Hollyhocks it has been cultivated in the United States and Japan for thousands of years.

Summerific® 'Cranberry Crush' Rose Mallow Hibiscus hybrid
Summerific® ‘Cranberry Crush’ Rose Mallow Hibiscus hybrid

It’s the genus of over 200 plants! It comes in large rose, yellow, purple, pink and white flowers. Most varieties have large flowers from 6-12 inches blooming in late summer.

‘Rose of Sharon’ | ‘And The Desert Shall Bloom Like A Rose’~ Isaiah 35:1

'Rose of Sharon' | The Flower of The Field | "The desert shall bloom like the rose" Isaiah 35:1
‘Rose of Sharon’ | The Flower of The Field | “The desert shall bloom like the rose” Isaiah 35:1

 The phrase ‘Rose of Sharon’ that folks confuse the hibiscus rose mallow with appears in English in 1611 as “the flower of the field” in the King James Bible. The speaker (beloved) says, in the song of Solomon 2:1 “I am the rose of Sharon, the lily of the valley”. The previous translations had referred to it simply as ‘Flower of the Field”.

'Rose of Sharon' | The Flower of The Field | "The desert shall bloom like the rose" Isaiah 35:1
‘Rose of Sharon’ | The Flower of The Field | “The desert shall bloom like the rose” Isaiah 35:1

Bible scholars think it’s a catch phrase that could be a mistranslation referring to:

  • Crocus A kind of crocus growing as a lily on the coastal plain of Sharon
  • Tulip – Bright red tulip prolific on the Hills of Sharon
  • Madonna Lily, commonly know as the ‘Lily of the Valley’ mentioned in Song of Solomon 2:1
  • Narcissus, Rose

    'Uncle Joe' in the Rock Rose Garden | "Summerific® Perfect Storm Rose Mallow hybrid Hibiscus "
    ‘Uncle Joe’ in the Rock Rose Garden | “Summerific® Perfect Storm Rose Mallow hybrid Hibiscus “

Only one of the species is a member of Rosaceae, (the rose family). ‘Rose of Sharon’ lack of precise meaning therefore is used often in song and verse. Though the identity of the flower still remains unclear its that very lack of precision that makes it a useful catch phrase. The species it refers to in modern usage is a member of Rosaceae. And the Hebrew word translation reads “And the desert shall bloom like a rose.” RoseofSharon1

Most interesting is a translation committee from ‘Song of Solomon’ 2:1 thinks “Rose of Sharon” is a mistranslation of Hebrew word for crocus. And etymologists’ tentatively have linked the word for beṣel, meaning bulb and understood as meaning either pungent or splendid.

National Flower of S. Korea ‘The Rose of Sharon’ Mugungwa

‘Rose of Sharon’ is the National Flower of S. Korea. Its pronounced (moogooonwa).  It was first used by the actual term mugunghwa and was first employed during the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392).

“The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose.” ~Isaiah 35:1 KJV

For more information about roses visit The American Rose Society Web site.

'Litchfield Angel' Bathed in Sun Light by David Austin Roses
‘Litchfield Angel’ Bathed in Sun Light by David Austin Roses

Love Blooms

Wild Edible Plants: Purslane (Portulaca Oleracea) | Moss Roses
Wild Edible Plants: Purslane (Portulaca Oleracea) | Moss Roses
Wild Edible Plants: Purslane (Portulaca Oleracea) | Moss Roses | Open In Sunlight

Heat, rain, weather extremes add stress to plants across the nation. Visiting Independent Garden Centers and Big Box stores regularly can give you new opportunities to revive plants on the verge of perishing at bargain basement prices. Like most folks on a budget plants pose another added expense.

Closed Wild Edible Plants: Purslane (Portulaca Oleracea) | Moss Roses
Closed Wild Edible Plants: Purslane (Portulaca Oleracea) | Moss Roses

If you love plants get out there and check your area garden centers. All around the Midwest and in Virginia plants are marked down to $1.00. I had the department manager of the local big box store actually tell me to make him an offer for flats of flowers!

Container Garden of Love Blooms Plants Each for One Dollar!
Container Garden of Love Blooms Plants Each for One Dollar!

The news that bargains are everywhere on plants may not make retailers happy to hear however, plant loving folks, knowing you can buy perennials plants for $1.00 and start your year-round garden is a great fun project, so get going and get the kids involved. Every plant pictured in this article is a bargain plant and was purchased for $1.00 -$3.00 in the Fredericksburg, VA. in my daughter-in-law’s  ‘Love Blooms Garden’.

Coreopsis | Yarrow | Petunias
Coreopsis | Yarrow | Petunias | Each One Dollar
Gladiolus
Gladiolus
Climbing Rose
Climbing Rose
Fuzzy-Wuzzy Lambs Ear
Fuzzy-Wuzzy Lambs Ear
Perrennial 'Pink Pussy Toes' | Antennaria dioica 'Rubra
Perrennial ‘Pink Pussy Toes’ | Antennaria dioica ‘Rubra

Hydrangeas True Blue Flowers

True Blue Flower In Fredericksburg, Virginia

Miracles happen around us all the time. When the extraordinary becomes the ordinary, & you start to see things in a ho-hum way, take a minute to see what’s going on around you. For instance, hydrangeas change color simply by the ph of the soil. 

While visiting “America’s Most Historic City”, Fredericksburg, VA,  for the 4th of July, the hydrangeas are in bloom. And its in Fredericksburg that we see the true bluest of the blue flower. Blue hydrangeas were blooming on the 4th of July.

True Blue Flower In Fredericksburg, Virginia
True Blue Hydrangea Blooming In Fredericksburg, Virginia

Fredericksburg, VA was home to George Washington, our 1st President and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.

Hydrangea Shades of Blue
Hydrangea Shades of Blue

His family moved to Ferry Farm in Stafford County just off the Rappahannock River opposite Fredericksburg in 1738. Washington’s mother Mary later moved to the city, and his sister Betty lived at Kenmore, a plantation house then outside of Fredericksburg.

ydrangea Bush With Multiple Shades of Blooms
Hydrangea Bush With Multiple Shades of Blooms

Many famous residents include the Revolutionary War generals Hugh Mercer and George Weedon, naval war hero John Paul Jones, and future U.S. president James Monroe. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom in Fredericksburg. If you are planning a vacation Fredericksburg is a beautiful historic place along the Rappahanncock River with lots to see and do. 

Living Hydrangea
Living Hydrangea
Rappahannock River, Fredericksburg, Virginia
Rappahannock River, Fredericksburg, Virginia