Rose Jungle

'Miracle on the Hudson' at The Biltmore the day it swept the show winning 'Best Overall category
‘Miracle on the Hudson’ at The Biltmore the day it swept the show winning ‘Best Overall category

It’s a rose jungle out there! Rain-rain and more rain is the reason. ‘Miracle On The Hudson’ is 6-7 feet tall. Invasive Morning Glories that can also plague farmers in the fields were taking over. When it stopped raining I carefully ripped out vine after vine of Morning Glories that had twisted around the canes of ‘Miracle On The Hudson’. It’s a miracle they hadn’t strangled the rose bushes! It might have been pretty to see the purple blooms among the roses but it was not good to see how they had started twisting & twining around every cane in a strangle hold blocking nutrients to the plant.

“Today a rose jungle, spring an English garden, always changing, never static from buds to fully open roses the garden creates a different landscape everyday.”

‘Miracle On The Hudson’ 6-7′ Tall

‘Miracle On The Hudson’ Now over 6 feet tall and a Jungle
'Miracle on the Hudson' Sales Sheet on Display at Certified Roses with Ted Williams

‘Miracle On The Hudson’ bred by Robert Neil Rippitoe, grown by CertifiedRoses won ‘Most Outstanding Rose’ at the 2014 Biltmore Rose Trials

Rain Fall Increases 3X’s Normal Rates

Normal rain fall in Central Illinois is 3.19″ during August, this August 8.43-10.5″. Excessive rain can wash away rose fertilizer & soil amendments that you’ve added to build up your soil. You can still reapply fertilizer that’s been washed away that you’ve added in preparation for your fall bloom.

Watch For Blackspot

Although hesitant to bring up the ‘B’ word, it’s: BLACKSPOT. Blackspot is especially prevalent during damp cool nights. Start spraying your preferred method of fungicide now to protect your fall bloom.

The Rose Garden Jungle
'Sunsprite' Blooming on Labor Day Week-End

‘Sunsprite’ part of my ‘Top Ten’ Classic Roses is flourishing in the Rose Jungle.

Foliage Is Abundant

The rain has produced massive amounts of foliage. Less sun has allowed for limited buds and, blooms but due to more rain fall should bring about more heat to produce the rose blooms we want. I’m adding extra Espoma Rosetone and spraying a high phosphorous foliar feed to produce more blooms.

‘Cape Diamond’ blooming after the rains

‘Cape Diamond’ is filled with foliage and just beginning to add buds now that the rain has let up. It’s over 10′ tall.

Lush Companions

‘Easy Spirit’ by Weeks Roses After The Rains

‘Easy Spirit’ on my list of ‘Top Ten New Roses’ is flourishing rain or shine

Rose Entryway

Wisteria
Wisteria After The Rains

The Wisteria planted at the beginning of this season to the left of the gate and ‘Cape Diamond on the right makes a dramatic entryway to the rose garden especially when the Wisteria is in bloom.

Kordes Roses Blooming Sunbelt Series

‘Desmond Tutu’ Sunbelt Rose
‘South Africa’ Sunbelt

‘Doris Day’ Rose

'Doris Day' Rose
‘Doris Day’ Floribunda Rose

America’s Sweetheart ‘Doris Day

Inspired by big screen and singing legend ‘America’s Sweetheart’ Doris Day, this lovely yellow rose personified the joyful, sparkling, talented icon. ‘Doris Day’, the Hollywood Star passed away this week on May 13th at the age of 97 at her home in Carmel Valley, CA. It seems fitting to honor her with this ‘Doris Day’ rose tribute with pictures of my ‘Doris Day from Gaga’s Garden.

‘Doris Day’ Captures The Light In The Garden

Qualities That Makes ‘Doris Day’ Special

Doris Day’ floribunda originated from the same cross that produced the varieties ‘Sparkle & Shine’ and ‘Jump for Joy’ Bred by Christian Bedard of Weeks Roses. These three sister roses are different yet all share the same super-floriferous attributes. ‘Doris Day’ in particular is a sunny yellow that fills your garden with a sweet, spicy aroma. Old fashioned blooms in round clusters on vigorous stems. The color has incredible staying power and the yellow does not fade, lasting with a hint of gold until you deadhead or the petals drop.

“Wrinkles are hereditary. Parents get them from their children.’ ~ Doris Day
‘Doris Day’ Floribunda Next to a basket of flowers with companion plants filled with color a perfect compliment to her sunny yellow

Parentage: Julie Newmar x Julia Child

If you don’t have a ‘Doris Day’ and run across one be sure to acquire it. You’ll be glad you did. We will miss you Doris Day, I’m glad we have a rose named for you. Rest In Peace.

'Doris Day' Floribunda | Bud in Gaga's Garden
‘Doris Day’ Floribunda | Bud in Gaga’s Garden

The Life & Times of David C.H. Austin by Dr. Tommy Cairns

David C. H. Austin & Bertie
David C.H. Austin
David C.H. Austin

The Creator of “English Roses”

David Austin who passed away peacefully at 93 years at his home in Albrighton in Shropshire on December 18th 2018 often described himself as a self-taught rose breeder. During his 60+ years he introduced into the rose world the concept of old garden rose form but with the added advantages of repeating blooming and delivered in a wider range of colors. This rose magic was a consummated marriage between Old Garden Roses and Modern Hybrids, opening up a new classification which David had wisely christened “English Roses”. Like the treatment received by most entrepreneurs, David’s vision was not a easy victory rewarded by instant acclamation!

On the contrary, the climb to his successes were sluggish

but his perseverance for achievement was persistent and always confident. Rose growers throughout the world owe a great deal of gratitude to David Austin for the gift of “English Roses” and the joy and pleasure his varieties have instilled in countless countries. Indeed it can be said of David that he had a fan club of much greater magnitude and significance than some rock stars of the music world. One day his “English Roses” may be recognized and granted the classification of ‘Hybrid Austinii’?

David Charles Henshaw Austin, obe, vmh, dhm 1926 - 2018
David Charles Henshaw Austin, obe, vmh, dhm 1926 – 2018

David Charles Henshaw Austin, OBE, VMH, DMH 1926-2018

“The Wisdom to See, The Courage to Act”

Rose breeder extraordinaire who created and gave the world the gift of “English Roses” to enjoy, promoted them around the world and yet remained a modest humble man in England during the golden age of roses of the 20th century providing well over 230 hybrids of exquisite beauty and fragrance.

Even ‘Maker of Heavenly Roses’ Fails to of Describe The Marvel of David C.H.Austin

Losing a unique spirit that provided the world of roses with a lasting legacy barely comes close to comprehending the true meaning and measure of the accomplishments of David Austin. Rose breeders have often been referred to as The Makers of Heavenly Roses. And even that description would fail miserably to characterize the outstanding lifetime work of David Austin and his tangible contributions to the evolution of roses. His life is a wonderful story well worth telling for generations to marvel at his achievements.

David’s Teenage Years

David Charles Henshaw Austin was born in 1926 to Charles Austin, a farmer, and his wife, Lilian Austin living in Shropshire, England, where they worked the land that would eventually later became David’s rose nursery. His developing skills in horticulture were the result of a family friend, James Baker, who managed a local nursery and taught him the basic skills. It has been reported that David was initially drawn to lupins.

Roses Not Sheep Breeding Was For Austin

However, at Shrewsbury School where he received his education, David became entranced with copies of the magazine, Gardens Illustrated, which he had discovered in the school library. Little did young David Austin realize that this discovery would point him in the direction of dedicating a lifetime to roses. After leaving school in 1943 David worked the land his family had farmed for 800 years growing barley and potatoes and tending sheep. He soon realized that his calling was dreaming of plant-breeding and not sheep!

Fortuitously his sister as a 21st birthday present gave him a copy of Old Garden Roses by Edward A. Bunyard initiating his inner passion and love for roses as a hobby. Despite his father’s objections, David had chosen a career in flowers with emphasis in roses. But the telltale signs of rose breeding loomed large in his dreams, especially when, in his early twenties he ordered his first few plants and discovering his preference for old garden roses rather the fashionable and popular modern hybrids while recognizing the best attributes of both.

David’s Adult Years

David Austin married Patricia Braithwaite, a sculptor and painter in 1956 who helped him establish the business in 1969. They had two sons – David, who now works in the family business (as does his son, a third generation David) and James (Jim) who is a professor of neutral computing at the University of York.

'Constance Spry’ the Progenitor of “English Roses”
‘Constance Spry’ the Progenitor of “English Roses”

‘Constance Spry’ the Progenitor of ‘English Roses

And so began a rose journey filled with accomplishments, achievements and honors. The flame that lit the rose candle initiating the journey ahead of David happened in 1962 when a hybrid shrub rose raised by David Austin named ‘Constance Spry’ (a British writer and society floral designer) received rave reviews at the Royal Horticultural Society’s show at New Hall in Westminister. Crossing of a 1845 Hybrid Gallica, ‘Belle Isis’ with a 20th century Floribunda, ‘Dainty Maid’ had given birth to ‘Constance Spry’ appropriately assigned the international registered codename ‘AUSfirst’.

But the continuing journey to ultimate success was fraught with barriers. Many nursery men initially thought such varieties would not sell. Ignoring his detractors David made the marketing decision to sell his varieties by himself converting the kitchen table in his home in Shropshire as distribution central.

Graham Thomas’ Launched “Engish Roses”
Graham Thomas’ Launched “Engish Roses”

Three Varieties Gained Praise In 1983

Recognition of David’s creativity and genius was slowly picking up, but his fortunes changed significantly in 1983 when he introduced three varieties, including a yellow climbing rose with a fresh tea fragrance, which he named for the well loved horticulturist Graham Thomas. These three varieties were praised by the press and colleagues, and the attention transformed his business. “English Roses” had finally arrived.

The Marriage of Old & Modern Roses Had Begun

This unique marriage of old roses with moderns had began and by the start of the 21st century he had created well over 200 hybrids embraced and loved by rose growers all over the world. David Austin Roses quickly developed into a thriving company which boasted of products sold in almost 50 countries generating revenue of about $23 million in 2011 through direct sales, garden centers and licensees.

Welcome to David Austin Roses
Welcome to David Austin Roses

Because of strict plant quarantine laws in the USA imports were controlled through a distribution center in Texas. Anecdotally Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple, ordered hundreds of ‘Constance Spry’ to adorn a spectacular 100 meter walkway at Apple’s corporate headquarters in California. In the UK rose enthusiasts visited the nursery or bought Austin roses by mail order.

David Austin's 'ENGLISH ROSES'
David Austin’s ‘ENGLISH ROSES’

David’s literary talents started in 1988 with the publication of The Heritage of Roses followed five years later by the first edition of The English Roses. Then in 2014 came The Breathing Earth, a collection of his poems drawing on his life experience and love of nature.

'The ROSE' by David Austin
‘The ROSE’ by David Austin

Popularity Worldwide Grew for Austin Roses

In 1990 his eldest son, David J. C. Austin, joined the business developing David Austin Roses into a global company, extending their UK operations into Europe, the USA and Japan. In 1992 a new breeding program was adopted – varieties specially for the cut flower trade. Although the first varieties were released in 2004, yet once again David and his son met with some resistance to this new innovative approach. However, today the cut roses have become very desirable and special as personal gifts, to adorn wedding events, and have featured prominently in celebrations such as the most prestigious Royal Weddings. Varieties most often mentioned as especially appealing as cutflowers are: ‘Abraham Darby’, ‘Eglantyne’, ‘Fisherman’s Friend’, ‘Jude the Obscure’, and ‘Sophy’ s Rose’.

David, Jr. with His Father
David, Jr. with His Father

Still Remains A Family Business

While David Austin Roses has flourished with great success, it still remains a family business. For instance, Richard Austin, David Senior’s grandson, and son of David Junior, joined the company in 2010 continuing his father and grandfather’s passion. The David Austin family affectionately referred to David Senior simply as ‘Mr A’.

Like most rose breeders of his time David admitted that the quest for the perfect rose was a never ending task, and he always insisted that there was much work yet to be done. When asked a few years ago if he was planning to retire, David replied “No, I’m just as excited about breeding roses now as I was when I started doing it as a hobby as a 15-year-old. I think my latest roses are some of the best I’ve ever produced, but they’re not perfect. I want to breed a really good crimson rose and continue improving the disease resistance of our roses. That’s what drives me on – my love of roses, and knowing there are still better ones to come.”

Some Famous Quotes  by David C.H. Austin

“A rose without a fragrance was only half a rose.”

“This idea of crossing the old roses with the modern seemed to me to be such a good thing to do”.

“I was never that influenced by what other people said or thought. I’m sightly dyslexic, and I think I make connections that other people don’t.”

“I was still an amateur with very little thought of becoming a professional nurserymen”

“There are so many leads – many of them blind alleys. You need great patience and the skills to recognize what is really outstanding. Every time I make a cross, I think there is always something more beautiful to come.”

“There is nothing more exciting than having 350,000 seedlings growing that no one has ever seen before.”

“Every day, I marvel at my good fortune to have been able to make a life out of breeding roses. My greatest satisfaction is to see the pleasure my roses give to gardeners and rose lovers around the world”.

“Most of these won’t ever be released” he said in 2016 point­ing to row upon row of colorful roses from which he would eventually select only half a dozen or so new varieties. “The rest get dug up and composted ….. There’s no point in being sentimental”

“…. if I had to chose just one, I think pink ‘Olivia Rose Austin’ named after my granddaughter has to be one of the best I’ve ever bred.

Some Famous Quotes Michael Marriott, his longtime colleague and company rosarian

“He had gone around to other rose nurseries [in England] and tried to get them to grow them for him. They all rejected him out of hand.”

“He used to say that the easiest way to kill a rose was to give it a bad name.”

“He lived and breathed them all the time. He had little time for other things and was not a particularly social man. He was quite shy and very happy to dedicate his life to roses.

Recognition of His Accomplishments

“He was loath to be drawn on favorites, but admitted to hav­ing a weakness for the ‘Claire Austin’ variety named after my daughter and is an outstanding white rose.” “But if I had to chose just one, I think pink ‘Olivia Rose Austin’ named after my granddaughter has to be one of the best I’ve ever bred.” ~ David C.H. Austin

Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire

Order of the Bristish Empire

The Order of the British Empire, or OBE, is an award granted by the government of the United Kingdom and awarded, typically in person, by the current king or queen of that nation to individuals who have performed excellent work in arts, sciences, public services and charitable efforts.

RHS Victoria Medal of Honor
RHS Victoria Medal of Honor

RHS Victoria Medal of Honor

The Victoria Medal of Honour (VMH) may be awarded to British horticulturists deserving of special honour by the Society and is awarded for life. Only 63 medals may be held at any one time, in recognition of Queen Victoria’s reign.

RNRS  Dean Hole Medal
RNRS Dean Hole Medal

RNRS Dean Hole Medal

The Dean Hole Medal is the highest award that the Royal National Rose Society makes and is awarded “For Outstanding Service to the Society and the World of Roses”.

RHS Award of Garden Merit
RHS Award of Garden Merit

RHS Award of Garden Merit

To qualify a plant must be available horticulturally, be of outstanding excellence for garden decoration or use, be of good constitution, not require highly specialist growing conditions or care, not be particularly susceptible to any pest or disease, and not be subject to an reversion.

‘Darcey Bussell’

‘Molineux’

‘Kew Gardens’

‘Scarborough Fair’

‘Skylark’

‘Strawberry Hill’

‘A Shropshire Lad’

‘Charlotte’

‘The Generous Gardener’

‘Grace’

‘Teasing Georgia’

‘Gertrude Jekyll’

‘Golden Celebration’

‘Lady Emma Hamilton’

‘The Mayflower’

‘Munstead Wood’

‘Graham Thomas’

‘Lady of Shalott’

‘Molineux’

.Mortimer Sackler’

‘The Pilgrim’

‘Port Sunlight’

‘Princess Anne’

‘Wildeve’

24 Gold Medals

RHS Chelsea Flower Show
RHS Chelsea Flower Show

World’s Favorite Rose 2009

World’s Favorite Rose 2009 ‘Graham Thomas’

World Federation of Rose Societies Hall of Fame Rose
World Federation of Rose Societies Hall of Fame Rose

Award of Garden Excellence 

'The Wedgewood Rose'
‘The Wedgewood Rose’
'Teasing Georgia'
‘Teasing Georgia’
‘Queen of Sweden’
‘Queen of Sweden’
'Lady of Shalott’
‘Lady of Shalott’
'Falstaff' Shrub - English
‘Falstaff’ Shrub – English
'Mary Rose’
‘Mary Rose’

Technical Significance of English Roses

David Austin settled on the name for his creations by evoking the fact that the Scots had their own roses and so did the French, so why not the English. This brilliant marketing plan helped capitulated his varieties into prominence.

The progenitor of “English Roses” was born in 1961 from a cross of a 1845 Hybrid Gallica, ‘Belle Isis’ with a 20th century Floribunda, ‘Dainty Maid’. That rose was named ‘Constance Spry’ appropriately assigned the international registered codename ‘AUSfirst’. The significance of that cross between what was a non recurrent flowering Gallica as seed parent and a repeat flowering modern Floribunda as pollen parent hopefully would combine the delicate charm, form and bouquet of an old garden rose with the habit and repeat flowering inherited from a modern rose – at that time an unconventional approach to rose breeding!

But the cross was not completely successful in ensuring repeat flowering for ‘Constance Spry’ was at best only summer flowering. Then in 1967 Austin introduced another summer flowering shrub ‘Chianti’ hybridized using as seed parent the 1948 prize winning Floribunda ‘Dusky Maiden’ with the pollen parent the Hybrid Gallica ‘Tuscany’. And again in 1968 Austin introduced another cross between an old garden rose and a modern repeat flowering variety, ‘Shropshire Lass’ born from ‘Madame Butterfly’, a classic 1918 early Hybrid Tea with ‘Madame Legras de St Germain’, an 1846 Alba. Alas they too were only summer flowering.

With this triumvirate of potential genetic material, Austin finally developed the first varieties that were indeed repeat flowering but markedly inherited the charm, elegance, fragrance and form of garden roses. They were the ‘Wife of Bath’ and ‘Canterbury’. Having been forced to read “The Canterbury Tales” by Chaucer in school, most scholars can only recollect that the Wife of Bath was a most unattractive lady with perhaps a front tooth missing or at least a very large space between her front teeth. Hardly an appropriate name for such a lovely rose! In producing this rose Austin has used an early 1890 Hybrid Tea, ‘Madame Caroline Testout’ as seed parent with pollen derived from the cross of ‘Ma Perkins’ with ‘Constance Spry’. Similarly ‘Canterbury’ with recurrent flowering capability and old garden elegance was the result of the seed parentage of a cross between ‘Monique’ (a 1949 Hybrid Tea) and ‘Constance Spry’.

At this juncture David coined the term “English Roses” to symbolize a new breed of roses, not a new classification for they were shrubs under the existing international registration scheme. By the time ‘Graham Thomas’ and ‘Mary Rose’ were introduced at the Chelsea Flower Show in 1983, “English Roses” had gained acceptance and popularity throughout the world. Since that time David Austin has introduced over 200 varieties. This marketing strategy was nothing less than a brilliant idea which captured the attention of the rose

Properties of an “English Rose”

1. A Beautiful Flower

The form and brilliance of the blooms is cloned directly from Old Garden Roses retaining their best qualities. They may be cupped, quartered, or rosette shaped and come in an attractive array of delightful colors, mostly pastels although there are a few stunning dark reds, with many small petals that the light tends to bounce off and be forever captured within the flower itself.

2. Pleasing Growth Habit

Plants have a natural shrub-like growth that blends into the overall garden display without overpowering other companion plants. On the contrary, they create that perfect English garden look oozing with tranquility and passive ambiance.

3. Attractive Foliage

Behind every great flower is great foliage and “English Roses” are no exception to that concept.

4. Wonderful Array of Fragrances

Outwardly “English Roses” are first noticed for their elegant and delicate charm. But the smell quickly seduces the gardener to their inner intense power. The fragrance range stretches from Tea Rose fragrance to Musk to Myrrh and to many different fruit flavors adding to their overall popularity and acceptance.

5. As Cut Flowers

Every gardener has a desire to bring the fruits of their labors into the home rather than allow the weather to cut short the life of their roses. “English Roses” amplify that urge while providing even the amateur flower arranger a golden opportunity to create beauty within the home. This aspect of “English Roses” as cut flowers has spawned a new sales activity within David Austin Roses, that of providing the florist trade and the public the ability to purchase certain varieties tested to be long lasting with overnight service. This activity has caused a sensation as the cut roses have become very desirable and special as personal gifts, to adorn wedding events, and have featured prominently in celebrations such as the most prestigious Royal Weddings.

Postscript from the Author

The sad part of this great story is that while David Austin has been recognized with various honors for his work, “English Roses” still remain classified as Shrubs by the International Registrar for Roses. For such a wonderful and widely accepted groups of evolutionary roses the stigma of the word “Shrub” does not do justice to the superlative work of David Austin. Efforts were made at the recent World Rose Convention in Copenhagen in July 2018 to recommend a new classification recognizing David Austin’s work as Hybrid Austinii based on the historical precedence of the existing group known as Hybrid kordesii. After all the classification scheme currently adopted is a mixture of both botanical names and popular commercial selling names. The proposal failed to be adopted and so prevented a formal recommendation to the international registrar, the American Rose Society. Perhaps some day in the not too distant future, the rose world will finally recognized the true significance of this evolutionary development in the history of the rose. But for the moment we must be content to call them Shrubs but can constantly remind the world they are ‘English Roses’.

The David Austin Rose Garden at Albrighton, England
The David Austin Rose Garden at Albrighton, England

The David Austin Rose Garden at Albrighton, England

The garden started life in 1969 as stock beds for sourcing propagation material but visitors wanting to see a particular rose in flower were shown these roses and the garden gradually grew with the size of the nursery. Initially it was just the Long Garden, with a wide of different varieties – David Austin’s English Roses, Old Roses, Modern Shrub Roses. Species and many climbers and ramblers trained up the pillars and along the wooden beams connecting them.

Next came the Victorian Garden with beds in concentric circles filled with English Roses, repeat flowering Old Roses and climbing roses trained over arches. The Lion Garden has had a number of different guises over the years and is currently a mix of English Roses, Old Garden Roses and perennials with the surrounding walls covered with Climbers. The magnificent stone lion carved by David Austin’s late wife Pat Austin lives at the far end.

The Renaissance Garden used to be the site of the original breeding greenhouses over 30 years ago. New ones were built on the other side of the hedge so this area is purely for David Austin’s English Roses. There is a central canal with a very distinctive crenulated double border on each side. The roses here are pruned quite hard and so stay quite short as opposed to the much more informal beds towards the outside with curved paths and lightly pruned roses.

Right at the top of the garden is an area dedicated to Species roses and their near hybrids underplanted with early flowering daffodils and narcissi. The final garden is separate from the main area; it is an acre paddock of true Species roses, the aim being to plant as many as possible of the 160 or so thought to exist. So far there are over 100 and very splendid they look in the summer with the flowers and in the autumn with the hips.

The main garden covers 1.5 acres and contains about 5,500 roses and several hundred perennials. The first flowers are seen in late April or early May with the early species like R. sericea pteracantha, R. hugonis and the Banksias. It is at its truly magnificent best usually from mid-June for about 6 weeks and then again in September into October and even November.

Naming Logic to Austin Varieties 

With an appreciation of literature and history, David Austin gave such memorable names to his roses as ‘Charles Darwin’ (with yellow cupped blooms), ‘James Galway’ (a climber with dense pink rosettes), ‘Dame Judi Dench’ (orange blooms with ruffled petals) and ‘Roald Dahl’ (whose orange-red buds open up to peach rosettes).

‘Dame Judi Dench’
‘Dame Judi Dench’

Some varieties were named after people whom Austin admired including ‘Mary Webb’, ‘Benjamin Britten’, ‘Edward Elgar’, ‘Charles Rennie Mackintosh’, and ‘Darcey Russell’, while others had a sense of mischief such as ‘Fisherman’s Friend’, ‘Teasing Georgia’, and ‘Queen Nefertiti’.

His early varieties, which he cleverly christened “English Roses”, often had Chaucerian names such as “The Friar’, ‘The Aquire’, ‘The Prioress’ and ‘The Canterbury’. Yet it was not until 1983, when he introduced ‘Graham Thomas’, a bushy rose with cup-shaped, rich yellow scented blooms, and ‘Mary Rose’, a delicious pink with a classic old-rose fragrance that they really made their mark, taking roses out of the rose garden and into the mixed border where they have since become signature plants in innumerable herbaceous planting schemes

David Austin had an early propensity to name many varieties after characters from The Canterbury Tales such as ‘The Friar’, ‘The Prioress’, ‘The Yeoman’, ‘Canterbury and ‘The Wife of Bath’, his family members and historical icons. Shakespearean characters were represented by ‘Prospero’, ‘Cressida’, ‘Wise Portia’. From Thomas Hardy novels the varieties were ‘Tess of the d’Urbervilles’, ‘Mayor of Casterbridge’, ‘Jude the Obscure’.

Commissions from various businesses and charities: ‘Evelyn’, ‘Financial Times Centenary’, ‘Radio Times’. David also also named them after friends, relatives, and famous English horticultural figures: ‘Geoff Hamilton’, ‘Charles Austin’, ‘Lillian Austin’, ‘Pat Austin’, ‘Graham Thomas’, & ‘Gertrude Jekyll’.

The choice of ‘Robert Burns’, the Scottish poet, was pleasing especially coming from an Englishman! Other European hybridizers were somewhat slow to recognize the evolution of roses created by David Austin, but soon quickly realized their sales potential and emulated his work and developed their own versions of David’s pioneer work. They choose such generic groups names as “Renaissance”, “Romanticas”, ‘Generosas’, and ‘Country Roses’.

Memories of David C. H. Austin

Memories of David C.H. Austin
Memories of David C.H. Austin
Greeting Queen Elizabeth at Chelsea 2016 on her 90th birthday
Greeting Queen Elizabeth at Chelsea 2016 on her 90th birthday
David with David, Jr. with Dame Judi Dench at Chelsea 2016 talking about her newly named rose
David with David, Jr. with Dame Judi Dench at Chelsea 2016 talking about her newly named rose
David C. H. Austin & Bertie
David C. H. Austin & Bertie

Credit: The author gratefully acknowledges the assistance of David Austin Roses for providing access and use of certain images

Garden Legends David C. H. Austin Snr Epic Rose Legacy Lives On

A Tribute to David Austin
‘Litchfield Angel’; ‘Princess Alexandra of Kent’; ‘Abraham Darby’
His Roses Grown & Photographed by Susan Fox

David Austin Roses Announced: “It is with great sadness that the Austin family announces the passing of David C. H. Austin Snr OBE VMH, rosarian and founder of David Austin Roses. David Snr died peacefully at his home in Shropshire, in the U.K on Tuesday, Dec. 18, 2018, surrounded by his family. He was 92.” If you would like to share your memories and condolences with David Austin Roses, please email them to: rememberingmra@davidaustinroses.co.uk

David C.H. Austin | ‘Graham Thomas’

The Father of English Roses

“He will be remembered as one of the greatest rosarians and rose breeders of all time who is responsible for creating the world’s first horticultural brand. With over 240 varieties to his name, he was still absolutely passionate about developing new varieties of English Roses until the very end. He died already knowing what the future may hold, having planned and undertaken the next crosses, which will hopefully create a new rose that will be introduced in nine years’ time.” David Austin Roses

Garden Legends Live On By Designs & Impressions They Leave on The Earth | Our Hearts and Minds

According to Shropshire Star reporter Rory Smith, David Austin Junior, son and managing director of the company for the last 25 years said: “My Father – or Mr A as he was affectionately known within the wider Austin family – was a remarkable man.

David Austin, of David Austin Roses in one of his greenhouses in Albrighton, U.K.

The article goes on to state: “His presence will be sorely missed within the global family company that he created. But the passion he instilled will continue and we will hold true to my father’s vision when he founded the company almost 50 years ago.”

“His love for the art of rose breeding was truly inspiring – he loved nothing more than seeing the pleasure that his roses gave to others.

The company said although it would be a difficult time for the family, the business would continue as usual.

“We will continue to honour Mr Austin Snr’s memory with vigour and passion in all that we do and in the plants that we love,” they said.

The Future

The Shropshire Star article went on to state that David Austin Roses said: “Our success is very much built on our family’s values and ethics and we have no plans to change this. And in the future a special rose could be bred in his name.”

“It is difficult to contemplate a rose that justifies Mr Austin Snr’s name as this would suggest that his ambition had been reached. It is, however, something we would very much like to do in time.”

Rose Classifications | Review Before You Buy

Gaga's Garden In Bloom

The Rose Garden | This Picture Can Barely Capture the Glory of It
The Rose Garden | This Picture Can Barely Capture the Glory of It

“A goal without a plan is just a wish.”
― Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

Roses are the ‘Diva’ of the flower world. Statistics say you want roses is your garden. One of the most often searched plant is the rose. Before you head out to garden centers to buy roses here’s an easy guide to what rose classifications mean. Here’s a few rose winners to look for. Rose bushes are a big investment. Decide what you want to achieve with roses before you buy.

'Good As Gold' Hybrid Tea Rose. Bold, beautiful, double-dipped yellow burnished with a touch of golden red, its a heart stopper!
‘Good As Gold’ Hybrid Tea Rose. Bold, beautiful, double-dipped yellow burnished with a touch of golden red, its a heart stopper!

An Easy To Love |  Easy To Grow | Rose Garden

85% of folks say roses are their favorite flower. They want easy-to-grow roses. Rose breeders are listening to YOU! Each year there are better, minimal care roses available that you can have great success with. Here are some Weeks Roses, Meilland Roses, Kordes Roses, and Conard Pyle Star Roses that I’ve personally grown and can vouch for. Some roses I list below have won at the Biltmore Rose Trials. You can also see videos on my Gaga’s Garden Facebook page. They are included because of their disease resistance, ease of care, beauty and fragrance. I can vouch for their high degree of success in my Illinois and Texas gardens. A side note on one of my new favorite roses: World famous hybridizer, Christian Bédard told a highly reliable friend of mine that the hybrid tea ‘Pretty Lady Rose’ may be the best rose he’s ever bred. I can tell you its at the top of my list for true perfection.

Modern Rose Classifications

Hybrid Tea | Grandiflora Rose | America’s Favorite Flower

Hybrid tea roses are perfect for any rose garden.*

  • Hybrid tea roses are ideal for cut flowers and creating your own bouquets
  • A hybrid tea is easily identifiable by its large, shapely 30-50 petal blooms on long stems
  • Grandiflora roses bear clusters of full size roses, the 1st was ‘Queen Elizabeth’ in 1954

Here are some true winners:

A Candelabra of 'Pretty Lady Rose' 2nd in the Weeks Roses Series of Downton Abbey Roses
A Candelabra of ‘Pretty Lady Rose’ 2nd in the Weeks Roses Series of Downton Abbey Roses | One of My Favorites

Weeks Roses 2nd in their The Downton Abbey Series | ‘Pretty Lady Rose’ New 2016 Description:

  • Dark even rose pink almost fuchsia
  • 4-5 “ Large old fashioned ruffled petals
  • The smell of peonies with a hint of spices

    'Francis Meilland' the Best Hybrid Tea named at the Biltmore International Rose Trials 2015
    ‘Francis Meilland’ hybrid tea rose, winner of Biltmore International Rose Trials ‘Pauline Merrell Award for Best Hybrid Tea Rose 2015’

‘Francis Meilland’ 1996 Description:

  • Color: Very large shell pink flowers
  • Winter hardy disease resistant
  • Winner of Biltmore International Rose Trials ‘Best Hybrid Tea’
  • Videoed and rated by me for the American Rose Society Web site
  • Strong fruity and citrusy fragrance

    Award of Excellence Best Established Rose | Bred by Dr. Walter E. Lammerts (United States, 1954).
    Award of Excellence Best Established Rose

‘Queen Elizabeth’ First Grandiflora 1954 Description:

  • Pink 4” with large petals, and pointed buds
  • Moderate rose fragrance
  • ‘Best Established’ Rose at The 2015 Biltmore International Rose Trials, I was a rose judge 

Floribundas | Polyantha

  • Floribundas are known for large clusters of flowered trusses & rapid bloom cycles
  • They bear flowers in large clusters and trusses in a profusion of bloom 
  • This class is unrivaled for providing massive colorful lasting garden displays 
  • Floribundas are hardier, more easy care & reliable in wet weather than their HT counterparts
  • Polyanthas are smaller but very sturdy plants with large clusters of small masses of blooms

'Bolero' In The Heat of Summer In Illinois
‘Bolero’ In The Heat of Summer In Illinois

‘Bolero’ Description:

  • White, large blooms with 100 petals
  • Old rose and spicy fragrance
  • Bushy and about 3 feet tall

    'Julia Child' by Weeks Roses featured this shot of 'Julia Child' in The American Rose Society 2014 Calendar
    ‘Julia Child’ by Weeks Roses featured this shot of ‘Julia Child’ in The American Rose Society 2014 Calendar

‘Julia Child’ Description:

  • One of the top selling roses in the world
  • Butter/gold yellow in color, medium very full 3-4” blooms
  • Strong licorice fragrance

    'Easy Does It' In The Illinois Garden
    ‘Easy Does It’ In The Illinois Garden

‘Easy Does It’ Description:

  • Gorgeous Mango Peach
  • Ever blooming with a moderate fragrance
  • Disease resistant, one of my all time favorites! 

For Hedge and Borders | Shrub Rose| English Roses

  • Shrub roses grow  in a sprawling direction from 5 to 15 feet in every direction based on your climate and growing condition
  • The unique group of English roses hybridized by David Austin Roses belong to this class of shrub roses.
  • Recurrent bloomers, often have wonderful fragrance of Old Garden Roses

Close-Up of 'Watercolors Home Run' Shrub Rose
Close-Up of ‘Watercolors Home Run’ Shrub Rose

‘Water Colors Home Run’ by Weeks Roses Description:

  • 3 colors showy flame red | yellow gold pink blush | Hot Pink
  • Medium height and bloom size
  • Winter hardy and disease resistant'Bonica' Beautiful prolific ever blooming shrub

‘Bonica’ Beautiful prolific ever blooming shrub Description:

  • ‘Bonica’ Inducted into the World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Hall of Fame in 2003
  • Prolific, blooms in flushes throughout the season.
  • Prolific, flush, medium to large, cluster-flowered (26-40 petals) stems of blooms cluster-flowered shrub

'Drift® Chamboeuf'
‘Drift® Chamboeuf’

‘Drift®’ Groundcover Roses by Star Roses and Plants

  • 8 colors from White Drift Rose to Red Drift Rose
  • Blooms 1 ½” -3” bushes about 2 feet tall spreading
  • Winter hardy, disease resistant, and easy to grow’

Named for the founding figure of the Industrial Revolution
‘Abraham Darby’ a David Austin Rose amed for the founding figure of the Industrial Revolution

‘Abraham Darby’ Description: David Austin Shrub

  • David Austin Shrub rose
  • Very large, rounded, cup-shaped flower with up to 70 petals
  • Vigorous and hardy in all areas
  • Fruity fragrance

Large Flowered Climbers | Climbing Roses

  • Dominated by their growth habit with long arching canes
  • Ability to climb over fences, walls, trellises arbors and pergolas
  • Climbers offer a wide range of flower colors, forms, & shapes with canes from 10-14 feet tall.

'Above and Beyond' after its roped up!
‘Above and Beyond’ after its roped up!

‘Above and Beyond’ Description:

  • The old classic ‘Westerland’ raised modernized with 21st century ‘best-off-best’ qualities!
  • Salmon-orange blend, repeat blooming, 10-14 feet
  • Old fashioned, 3 ½”-4” blooms, fruity fragrance

Bee on Fourth of July Climbing Rose Bush
Bee on Fourth of July Climbing Rose Bush

  • ‘4th of July’ Description:

      • Gorgeous Red striped and bright white
      • 10-14 feet canes
      • Fresh cut apple and & sweet rose fragrance

Miniature or miniflora roses

  • Ideal for containers and small space gardens, hardy due to being grown on own root
  • Great for edging, rockeries, indoor gardens
  • Minifloras are a new class introduced by ARS in 1999 for the size between miniature roses & floribundas

'All a Twitter'
‘All a Twitter’

‘All a’ Twitter’ Description:

  • Twinkling brilliant orange
  • Tall, medium size blooms
  • Winter hardy

*Roses require 6-8 hours of full sun. They will bloom with 4 hours of full sun but they have more foliage and less blooms.

 

 

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