Fall can produce a spectacular rose bloom. The secret: water, fertilizer, sun. In Central Illinois this summer saw lots of rain that’s now producing a lush floriferous bloom. Due to excessive rain the blooms are big and beautiful. Enjoy the rotogravure of the first of the September bloom.
It’s a rose jungle out there! Rain-rain and more rain is the reason. ‘Miracle On The Hudson’ is 6-7 feet tall. Invasive Morning Glories that can also plague farmers in the fields were taking over. When it stopped raining I carefully ripped out vine after vine of Morning Glories that had twisted around the canes of ‘Miracle On The Hudson’. It’s a miracle they hadn’t strangled the rose bushes! It might have been pretty to see the purple blooms among the roses but it was not good to see how they had started twisting & twining around every cane in a strangle hold blocking nutrients to the plant.
“Today a rose jungle, spring an English garden, always changing, never static from buds to fully open roses the garden creates a different landscape everyday.”
Normal rain fall in Central Illinois is 3.19″ during August, this August 8.43-10.5″. Excessive rain can wash away rose fertilizer & soil amendments that you’ve added to build up your soil. You can still reapply fertilizer that’s been washed away that you’ve added in preparation for your fall bloom.
Watch For Blackspot
Although hesitant to bring up the ‘B’ word, it’s: BLACKSPOT. Blackspot is especially prevalent during damp cool nights. Start spraying your preferred method of fungicide now to protect your fall bloom.
The rain has produced massive amounts of foliage. Less sun has allowed for limited buds and, blooms but due to more rain fall should bring about more heat to produce the rose blooms we want. I’m adding extra Espoma Rosetone and spraying a high phosphorous foliar feed to produce more blooms.
‘Cape Diamond’ is filled with foliage and just beginning to add buds now that the rain has let up. It’s over 10′ tall.
Summer Time of Easy Livin’ Sets The Stage For Catching Up In The Garden
Itâ€™s the dog days of summer. Vacations abound. Excessive heat can create conditions for your roses to produce smaller blooms and stunted growth to preserve water. Now is the time to prepare for a glorious fall rose display. Whether your roses have been subjected to extreme heat or lots of rain you can rejuvenate them with a few simple steps.
Roses Are Forgiving Now’s The Time To Get Ready For A Fall Super Bloom
I’ve said many times “Roses Are Forgiving”. So whether you’ve neglected your roses over the summer or taken great care of them it doesn’t matter they can bounce right back and produce a beautiful fall bloom with a few easy steps. Excessive rain can wash away nutrients and heat stresses the plant during the growing season. During August do a few simple steps and you can sit back in your fall rose garden sipping your favorite beverage with friends enjoying the luxurious fall rose bloom. So before you pack-up the kids for the last summer fling have the kids get out there to put down a couple of cups of Espoma Organic Rosetone around each rose bush. Be sure they have plenty of water and you’re on your way to seeing a glorious fall bloom.
Here’s How To Cut Back Your Roses For A Fabulous Fall Bloom
A good rule of thumb is to prune your rose bush about one-third to one-half their height.
Prune out dead wood.
Leave the strong hardy canes.
New rose bushes only need to be dead headed.
“Rose Shows and State Fairs require planning and dedication to the cycles in days it requires to cut back your roses to produce the rose to show a qualifying rose at your local events. So start your planning now.”
Folks that show roses cut back for the rose shows in their area or for the County and State Fairs. If you plan on showing in your local rose shows then cut back your roses based on this handy guide to approximately how long it takes to produce a rose on each type rose:
Repeat Rose Cycles In Days
Hybrid teas, grandifloras, and floribundas: 42 to 54 Days
Multi-Petal Floribundas (Europeana): 54-60 days
Single Petal Floribundas (Playboy) 35 Days
Miniatures 35-42 Days
August is the time to prepare for a spectacular fall rose bloom
September, October, November and even up until Christmas, fall is perfect throughout much of the country to spend time in your rose garden. You can enjoy the fruits of your labor, contemplate strategies for expansion and begin to winterize your roses. The cooler temperatures of fall create a glorious canvas for the fall rose show. It’s time now to begin the process of cutting back roses for your fall bloom. ‘Kimberlina’, a ‘Floribunda of the Year’ 2009 winner is such a spectacular rose in the fall I chose it to show you how to cut back your roses to create a spectacular fall bloom.
Cooler Temperatures of Fall Intensify Colors
Cooler temperatures in fall create a palette of colors that makes your roses look doubly magnificent. From Wisconsin to Texas Iâ€™ve seen roses continue to bloom through the holidays. Roses can tolerate 3 days of hard frost of temperatures below 21 degrees before they are fully dormant for the season. So you can plan on roses for your bouquets for the Thanksgiving table in Illinois, maybe even Wisconsin. September is time to determine if there are still any American Rose Society rose shows in the area you may want to exhibit at as well.
Here are some ‘Rose of the Year’ winners and roses exclusive to Jackson & Perkins that I’ve grown from IL to Texas successfully that bloom beautifully all season and into the fall:
The garden named for ‘Frida Kahlo’ at Casa Azul in Mexico City is flourishing 20 years after Mexico’s world acclaimed painter once said, “I paint flowers so they will not die.” This lively, colorful scarlet and red gold striped flower of a one of a kind rose reminds us of her enduring spirit. The swirls of color continue to intensify from bud to fully open rose. The striking vibrancy of the clusters are set on a healthy, naturally disease resistant plant covered in beautiful dark green, glossy foliage making this easily a number one pick for number one of the new roses in the floribunda category.
“I paint flowers so they will not die” ~ Mexico’s World Acclaimed Painter Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo de Rivera was a Mexican artist inspired by nature and artifacts of Mexico & the country’s pop culture. She used a folk art style to explore culture and native identities.
#2 ‘Easy Spirit’
‘Easy Spirit’, new to Weeks Roses ‘Easy To Love’ Collection 2018, bred by Tom Carruth Roses, a Garden Legend, now Curator of The Huntington. ‘Easy Spirit’ is a floribunda that blooms with almost full size roses, naturally disease resistant, fragrant, & floriferous. Even if you think you aren’t that fond of white roses you’ll love this white with a cream base rose.
# 3 ‘Easy To Please’
‘Easy To Please’ from the Weeks Roses Easy To LoveÂ® Collection disease resistance surpasses many of the landscape shrubs, & this super flowerful rose is fragrant as well, making perfect foliage a big plus on top of all the extras.
#4 ‘Francis Meilland’ HT
‘Francis Meilland’ winner of the 2015 Biltmore Rose Trials ‘Best Hybrid Tea’ and is very fragrant as well as disease resistant.
#5 ‘Savannah’ HT
‘Savannah’ bred by Kordes Roses, winner of the ‘Best Hybrid Tea’ at The Biltmore Rose Trials is a rose you will cherish in your garden
‘Highwire Flyer’ bred by the infamous Will Radler won “Best Climber’ for ‘Highwire Climber at the Biltmore Rose Trials for his magnificent creation, ‘Highwire Flyer’. Walking the event with the Jackson & Perkins execs I had predicted his rose would win to them for fun before the winners were announced, it was just that an amazing of a rose!
#8 ‘Party Hardy
Created in Canada to survive zone 3 this ‘Party Hardy’ is the most amazing rose you can imagine. Winter hardy, disease resistant, fragrant, prune it like a shrub or let it grow like a climber it’s a winner either way.
#9 ‘Cape Diamond’
I’ll sing this roses praises from the roof tops. It’s one of the most disease resistant roses in the world, guaranteed free of: blackspot, powdery mildew, rust, downey mildew guaranteed
#10 ‘Oso Easy Double Red’
‘Oso EasyÂ® Double Red’, bred by Alain Meilland of France, was evaluated under the harshest of conditions among 1000’s of rose plants until one was selected that lived up to the high standards for ultimate inclusion in the Proven Winners-Color Choice Line
This is my pick for the ‘Top Ten New Roses’. I listed 3 floribunda roses, 3 hybrid tea roses and two climbers, one that you can prune as a shrub if you choose to and the last but not least ‘Oso Easy Double Red’ is a shrub. I contemplated listing ‘Miracle On The Hudson’ because it is a sensational shrub however it’s a little bit more difficult for the consumer to locate. Keep that in mind though “Miracle On The Hudson’ is a spectacular rose and it is my choice for the next list. I once had a mentor tell me people think in threes so choose three of these roses and you have a rose garden. Pick your color scheme, choose three of these roses and you won’t go wrong. I guarantee that you will be successful with any or all of these roses. Happy Rose Growing.
Rose breeders create new and better roses every year. Yet often rose sellers say gardeners seek roses they know and love. Why is that? It’s like comfort food for the soul. Roses and their fragrance can bring back memories of happy times spent with our family in their gardens. Gatherings like picnics, and cook-outs in a yard filled with roses and loved ones collecting memories that now grown gardeners want to re-create for their family and loved ones. Classic roses were a part of our childhood. This article is dedicated to the roses we cherish that are a part of the fabric of Rose Garden’s around the world. There are so many new and wonderful roses and I write about them and feature them here and on my Facebook pages but today we’re honoring the ‘Top Ten Classic Roses’.*
‘Double Delight was created by Swim in 1977 and is still rated 8.3 by the American Rose Society’s Handbook for Selecting Roses. ‘Double Delight’ was inducted in the World Federation of Rose Society (WFRS) ‘Hall of Fame’ in 1985. Everyone, bar none loves this rose. What is important when buying this rose is to locate a very good plant to begin with. That means to have three or more healthy canes on your rose bush when you buy it.
‘Double Delight’ at Dusk is breathtaking in this photo I captured with my macro lens.
#2 ‘Queen Elizabeth’
‘Queen Elizabeth’ whose name sake was Queen Elizabeth herself was named the Award of Excellence ‘Best Established Rose’ at the International Biltmore Rose Trials in 2015. Bred in 1955, it was inducted into the WFRS in 1979.
‘Peace’, was bred by Francis Meilland of Meilland International SA from 1935-1939, a family owned rose-growing business since 1850 located in Le Luc-en-Provence, France. For six generations Meilland Int., has created some of the best and most famous roses in the world selling and distributing over 8 million rose plants a year. More ‘Peace’ roses have sold than any other rose in the world. It’s estimated that by 1992 over 100 million of ‘Peace’ HT had been sold. Many think this is a low estimate.
‘Peace’ Forever Stamp by Rich Baer
April 21, 2018 the United States Postal Service issued the ‘Peace’ Rose forever stamp using Rich Baer’s photograph of the ‘Peace’ Rose.
#4 ‘Uncle Joe
‘Uncle Joe’ Is as “Big As A Barn”
‘Uncle Joe’s claim to fame is the hybrid tea known for having the most petals. This hefty rose can have from 85-100 petals. Originally named ‘Toro’, if you see it by that name you can safely bet it’s ‘Uncle Joe’.
‘Moonstone’ was on the cover of the calendar that I created in 2015. One ‘Moonstone rose bush in the summer of 2014 had 36 full size roses blooming at one time. A hybrid tea bred by Tom Carruth of Weeks Roses in 1999 every rose that blooms is perfect form.
#6 ‘Fragrant Cloud’
‘Fragrant Cloud’ was my mother’s favorite rose. As long as I am able to have a rose garden ‘Fragrant Cloud’ will have a home in my rose garden. Did you know ‘Fragrant Cloud’ is in the parantage of ‘Dolly Parton’? After looking at her you’ll say, ‘Of Course!’ I see the family resemblance! ‘Fragrant Cloud’ was inducted in the WFRS in 1981!
#7 ‘Double KnockOutÂ®
The Knock OutÂ® Rose is the rose that changed the landscape of the world. It was a glorious change to see roses everywhere when the Knock OutÂ® rose became part of the landscape designers option. The Will Radler’s Knock OutÂ® rose was inducted into the World Federation of Rose Societies (WFRS) Hall of Fame in 2018. I wrote an interview of Dr. Tommy Cairns about the Knock Out Rose and it’s role in the world of roses you can read it by clicking this link. The Evolution of The Knock Out Rose, A Talk With Dr. Tommy Cairns
‘Iceberg‘ a Kordes Rose bred in 1958, inducted into the WFRS in 1983, makes a perfect disease resistant vigorous and floriferous landscape floribunda planting.
Sunsprite, a Kordes rose bred in 1977 blooming in the floribunda garden. Naturally disease resistant, floriferous, & fragrant makes it a natural on the list of ‘Top Ten Classic Roses’.
#10 ‘Mr. Lincoln’
‘Mr. Lincoln‘ bred by Swim & Weeks in 1964 and introduced in the U.S by Star Roses and Plants in 1965, now owned by Ball Horticultural . The rest is history. Just about everyone wants a ‘Mr. Lincoln’, they are easy to find and fairly easy to grow.
*The roses are in no particular order, I listed them as they came to mind. ‘Peace’ by Meilland International would have probably been ranked as number one based on the ‘world’s favorite rose’ and the world’s most popular and highest selling rose. ‘Top Ten Best New Roses’ next.