Rose Classifications | Know Before You Grow

'Pretty Lady Rose' hybrid tea rose

“A goal without a plan is just a wish.”
― Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

Roses are the ‘Diva’ of the flower world. Statistics say you want roses is your garden. One of the most often searched plant on the Web is the rose. Before you head out to garden centers to buy roses here’s an easy guide to rose classifications.

‘Rainbow Sorbet’ bred by Ping Lim is a Gorgeous Floribunda Rose | First of The Floribunda Rose Garden Roses Planted

Roses are a big investment, educate yourself on rose classifications and varieties available before you make an investment.

Rose Education Leads To Successful Rose Growing

Here are photos of each classification of rose so that you can familiarize yourself with what you may be looking for in the type rose you want to grow. Learn to recognize the differences and what to look for in the rose classification you want, then identify a color you like and you’re in business. You can read the tag on the rose all about the rose ‘variety Rose bushes are a big investment. Decide what you want to achieve with roses before you buy.

'Good As Gold' Hybrid Tea Rose. Bold, beautiful, double-dipped yellow burnished with a touch of golden red, its a heart stopper!
‘Good As Gold’ Hybrid Tea Rose. Bold, beautiful, double-dipped yellow burnished with a touch of golden red, its a heart stopper!

An Easy To Love |  Easy To Grow | Rose Garden

85% of folks say roses are their favorite flower. They want easy-to-grow roses. Rose breeders have listened to YOU! Each year there are better, minimal care roses available that you will have great success growing.

World Class Rose Growers

Weeks Roses, Meilland Roses, Kordes Roses, and Conard Pyle Star Roses are world class rose growers that I can vouch for. Some roses I list below have won at the Biltmore Rose Trials. You can also see videos on my Gaga’s Garden Facebook page. where I rate the roses growing in my garden. The rose included are for their:

Minimal Care Roses Rated On

  • disease resistance
  • ease of care
  • beauty
  • fragrance

Modern Rose Classifications

Hybrid Tea | America’s Favorite Rose

Pretty Lady Rose | Hybrid Tea
Pretty Lady Rose Hybrid Tea | bred by Christian Bedard
  • Hybrid tea roses are ideal for cut flowers and creating your own bouquets
  • A hybrid tea is easily identifiable by its large, shapely 30-50 petal blooms on long stems
  • Identifiable by a large bloom grown on a single stem

Weeks Roses 2nd in their The Downton Abbey Series | ‘Pretty Lady Rose’ New 2016 Description:

  • Dark even rose pink almost fuchsia
  • 4-5 “ Large old fashioned ruffled petals
  • The smell of peonies with a hint of spices  
'Francis Meilland' the Best Hybrid Tea named at the Biltmore International Rose Trials 2015
‘Francis Meilland’ hybrid tea rose, winner of Biltmore International Rose Trials ‘Pauline Merrell Award for Best Hybrid Tea Rose 2015’

‘Francis Meilland’ 1996 Description:

  • Color: Very large shell pink flowers
  • Winter hardy disease resistant
  • Winner of Biltmore International Rose Trials ‘Best Hybrid Tea’
  • Videoed and rated by me for the American Rose Society Web site
  • Strong fruity and citrusy fragrance

Grandiflora Roses

Queen Elizabeth In The Garden
Queen Elizabeth In The Garden

‘Queen Elizabeth’ First Grandiflora 1954 Description:

  • Pink 4” with large petals, and pointed buds
  • Moderate rose fragrance
  • ‘Best Established’ Rose at The 2015 Biltmore International Rose Trials, I was a rose judge 

Floribundas | Polyantha

  • Floribundas are known for large clusters of flowered trusses & rapid bloom cycles
  • They bear flowers in large clusters and trusses in a profusion of bloom 
  • This class is unrivaled for providing massive colorful lasting garden displays 
  • Floribundas are hardier, more easy care & reliable in wet weather than their HT counterparts
  • Polyanthas are smaller but very sturdy plants with large clusters of small masses of blooms
'Bolero' In The Heat of Summer In Illinois
‘Bolero’ In The Heat of Summer In Illinois

‘Bolero’ Description:

  • White, large blooms with 100 petals
  • Old rose and spicy fragrance
  • Bushy and about 3 feet tall
'Julia Child' by Weeks Roses featured this shot of 'Julia Child' in The American Rose Society 2014 Calendar
‘Julia Child’ by Weeks Roses featured this shot of ‘Julia Child’ in The American Rose Society 2014 Calendar

‘Julia Child’ Description:

  • One of the top selling roses in the world
  • Butter/gold yellow in color, medium very full 3-4” blooms
  • Strong licorice fragrance
'Easy Does It' In The Illinois Garden
‘Easy Does It’ In The Illinois Garden

‘Easy Does It’ Description:

  • Gorgeous Mango Peach
  • Ever blooming with a moderate fragrance
  • Disease resistant, one of my all time favorites! 

For Hedge and Borders | Shrub Rose| English Roses

  • Shrub roses grow  in a sprawling direction from 5 to 15 feet in every direction based on your climate and growing condition
  • The unique group of English roses hybridized by David Austin Roses belong to this class of shrub roses.
  • Recurrent bloomers, often have wonderful fragrance of Old Garden Roses
Close-Up of 'Watercolors Home Run' Shrub Rose
Close-Up of ‘Watercolors Home Run’ Shrub Rose

‘Water Colors Home Run’ by Weeks Roses Description:

  • 3 colors showy flame red | yellow gold pink blush | Hot Pink
  • Medium height and bloom size
  • Winter hardy and disease resistant

‘Bonica’ Beautiful prolific ever blooming shrub Description:

Bonica, Shrub rose always the first to bloom in the spring in my Texas rose garden
Bonica, Shrub rose always the first to bloom in the spring in my Texas rose garden
  • ‘Bonica’ Inducted into the World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Hall of Fame in 2003
  • Prolific, blooms in flushes throughout the season.
  • Prolific, flush, medium to large, cluster-flowered (26-40 petals) stems of blooms cluster-flowered shrub
'Drift® Chamboeuf'
‘Drift® Chamboeuf’

‘Drift®’ Groundcover Roses by Star Roses and Plants

  • 8 colors from White Drift Rose to Red Drift Rose
  • Blooms 1 ½” -3” bushes about 2 feet tall spreading
  • Winter hardy, disease resistant, and easy to grow’
Named for the founding figure of the Industrial Revolution
‘Abraham Darby’ a David Austin Rose amed for the founding figure of the Industrial Revolution

‘Abraham Darby’ Description: David Austin Shrub

  • David Austin Shrub rose
  • Very large, rounded, cup-shaped flower with up to 70 petals
  • Vigorous and hardy in all areas
  • Fruity fragrance

Large Flowered Climbers | Climbing Roses

  • Dominated by their growth habit with long arching canes
  • Ability to climb over fences, walls, trellises arbors and pergolas
  • Climbers offer a wide range of flower colors, forms, & shapes with canes from 10-14 feet tall.
'Above and Beyond' Roses in Bloom in the Rose Garden
‘Above and Beyond’ Roses in Bloom

‘Above and Beyond’ Description:

  • The old classic ‘Westerland’ raised modernized with 21st century ‘best-off-best’ qualities!
  • Salmon-orange blend, repeat blooming, 10-14 feet
  • Old fashioned, 3 ½”-4” blooms, fruity fragrance
Bee on Fourth of July Climbing Rose Bush
Bee on Fourth of July Climbing Rose Bush
  • ‘4th of July’ Description:
     
    • Gorgeous Red striped and bright white
    • 10-14 feet canes
    • Fresh cut apple and & sweet rose fragrance

Miniature or miniflora roses

  • Ideal for containers and small space gardens, hardy due to being grown on own root
  • Great for edging, rockeries, indoor gardens
  • Minifloras are a new class introduced by ARS in 1999 for the size between miniature roses & floribundas
'All a Twitter'
‘All a Twitter’

‘All a’ Twitter’ Description:

  • Twinkling brilliant orange
  • Tall, medium size blooms
  • Winter hardy

*Roses require 6-8 hours of full sun. They will bloom with 4 hours of full sun but they have more foliage and less blooms.

Love My Calendar Girl Roses

'Gene Boerner' a floribunda rose named for the man that worked his entire life for Jackson & Perkins 'aka' as 'Papa Floribunda', he hybridized more than 60 roses.

Garden Legends Live On By Designs & Impressions They Leave on The Earth | Our Hearts and Minds

‘Moonstone’ In Gaga’s Garden
Gaga's Garden Roses 2015 Calendar Cover 'Moonstone'
Gaga’s Garden Roses 2015 Calendar Cover ‘Moonstone’

Gaga’s Garden Calendar of Roses represented a dream come true. What was so special about that calendar? Here’s the back story: When my picture of a ‘Julia Child’ was chosen for the American Rose Society calendar in 2014, friends asked me, “why don’t you do your own rose calendar?”

Julia Child
Julia Child

What’s In A Name?

The calendar included roses like ‘Elle’, bred by Meilland Roses for the month of April, a rose near and dear to my heart. I planted ‘Elle’ when my first granddaughter was born in her honor. People often want roses that are named for or remind them of themselves, family members friends or celebrities. They ask me to assist them in their search to locate them. The names of roses in the garden are a topic for conversation often on my garden tours. So you see rose names matter.

“He (David C.H. Austin) used to say that the easiest way to kill a rose was to give it a bad name.” ~ Michael Marriott

'Elle' featured for the month of April, 2015 with a quote from Alain Meilland, Meilland Roses International,
‘Elle’ featured for the month of April, 2015 with a quote from Alain Meilland, Meilland Roses International,

“A rose is an argument. It proclaims the triumph of beauty over brutality, of gentleness over violence, of the ephemeral over the lasting, and of the universal over the particular. The same rose bursts into bloom on the North Cape and in the Sahara Desert.”~Alain Meilland

Neil Diamond, new from Weeks Roses 2015 Cataolog
Neil Diamond, new from Weeks Roses 2015 Cataolog

A Rose Garden Says So Much About Who We Are

A rose garden can give one a venue of remembrance, an outlet for stress, a show place for photography, a sorcerer’s delight for alchemy, a veritable rainbow of colors, and a tapestry of fragrance so deep it touches the soul. The delight and knowledge I’ve gained through conversations about names of roses has continued to inspire me. Roses offer a way to softly gain access to the five senses in the garden that then gently whisper thoughts of life and our loved ones worth remembering that only a walk in a rose garden can inspire. Listen and let the garden speak to us. Year!

The Rose Garden
The Rose Garden

Rose Beauty Wins Over Sustenance

The New Jackson & Perkins Trial Rose Garden | Forefront 09-03162
The New Jackson & Perkins Trial Rose Garden | Forefront 09-03162

Dating back 40 million years the first trace of roses have been found in fossils discovered in Colorado’s Florissant Fossil. Montana and Oregon have rose fossils dating back 35 million years ago before humans came into existence. Roses have been around since the dawn of time. There’s scientific evidence of roses in extreme Northern climates such as Alaska and Norway. Perceived as a warm weather plant it’s not confirmed that any rose grew in the wild below the equator.

The rose’s origin is believed to be 60-70 million years ago during the Eocene Era in Central Asia, spreading all over the Northern Hemisphere. Discoveries show us that the first civilizations to appreciate and cultivate roses were about 5000 years ago:

First Civilizations To Cultivate Roses

  • Egyptians
  • Chinese
  • Greeks
  • Romans
  • Phoenicians

Confucius, famous Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history tells us that the Chinese Emperor’s library had several hundred books on roses.

The Rose Garden Book On Roses

During the Han Dynasty (207 B.C.-220 A.D.) rose gardening had reached such a peak it encroached upon agricultural lands.

The Chinese Emperor issued an order to plow under some rose gardens!

Contrary to the Chinese Emperor’s edict we plowed under our crops for roses. It’s difficult to admit failure however I’m as allergic to tomato vines as I am to poison ivy! So it didn’t take an issue from a Chinese Emperor to plow under our vegetable crops, it only took a request by Jackson and Perkins to put in test gardens and their 2018-2019 roses.

My therapist, advisor, expert gardener daughter-in-law, as a reader of many gardening Web sites  explained to me, that you, dear reader, would occasionally like to hear of a crop failure. Well dear readers here’s mine: Tomatoes! Since you are used to beautiful rose pictures these pictures come with a warning. You may want to take the kids out of the room, what you are about to see  could be disturbing. 😉

Lone Tomato and the Lion Guarding His Crop

Lone Tomato | Flourishing Proven Winners Hydrangeas | ‘Francis Meilland’ in the background | Expired Tomato on the right

One Tomato Crop Yield

It Didn’t Take An Order From a Chinese Emperor To Convince Me To Put In The Jackson & Perkins Trial Rose Gardens

The proliferation of roses continue as of this writing according to Beth Smiley Editor of The American Rose Magazine, the official magazine of the American Rose Society*there are between 60-70,000 named roses. There are Species roses that are roses that have been growing wild for hundreds of thousands of years. Old garden roses are roses that were cultivated before the year 1867. Modern garden roses are the roses that have been introduced since 1867. Within these three groups, roses are divided based on their classes. Class divisions take into account their growth habits, the type of foliage they produce and the form the rose takes when it is fully formed. Jackson & Perkins is working with rose breeders to create roses that are what people tell us they want in their gardens

Hybridizers of roses today are listening to you, the rose gardener while developing better roses. Here’s what people say they want in their roses:

  • Beauty
  • Form
  • Fragrance
  • Easy Care
  • Disease Resistance
  • Variety of Color
  • Choice
  • Hardiness

That’s why we’ve kept a historical diary for years to compare factors that affect roses from season to season. You read above where the Egyptians required the citizens to plow under the roses for their crops, as a rosarian that plowed under the crops of vegetable gardens for the Jackson & Perkins rose trial gardens we’ll be keeping extensive records for you to learn about the best roses for your garden. Here are pictures of the roses.

Trial Roses In The Jackson & Perkins Rose Garden

Jackson & Perkins 10-00454 | Trial Rose Garden

10-01860-A1 Lavender Purple Shrub

09-03162-Floribunda-Salmon Pink
09-03162-Floribunda-Salmon Pink

08-00941-Yellow Grandiflora
08-00941-Yellow Grandiflora

The Newest Rose Garden

Here’s a link to the post showing you other great roses that we’ve put in the garden. We’ve also started a Jackson & Perkins Kordes Roses Sunbelt Garden that includes the Biltmore winner Polar Express Sunbelt. Planted just last April as bare root roses these roses are doing spectacularly with more info for you being gathered. Stay tuned for videos and articles.

‘Desmond Tutu’ Sunbelt a Kordes Rose offered by Jackson & Perkins

Check Out The Best Rose Resource The American Rose Society

If you haven’t checked out the American Rose Society, current President of the American Rose Society, Pat Shanley believes in sustainable rose gardening and is dedicated to every aspect to growing better roses. She also oversees the magazine the “American Rose” magazine, along with Executive Director, Laura Seabaugh. This magazine is completely dedicated to promoting gardening, education, preservation and appreciation of the rose. The American Rose Society is one of the few societies left that continues to publish a print publication 6 times a year along with several newsletters/bulletins and provides each member with a “Handbook for Selecting Roses” and “Creating a Beautiful Rose Garden” booklet. 
 
Former president & rose education advocate Jolene Adams believes that the only way to dispel the myth that roses are difficult to grow is rose growing education. The American Rose Society is dedicated to providing you the gardener with education on how to grow better roses. If you haven’t check them out. Rosarians are standing by to answer your questions. Rose.org 

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Angels In The Rose Garden

Angel Watching Over My Glasses

“All Night, All Day Angels Watching Over Me”

Angel Fountain | Angel Bird Bath
Angel Fountain | Angel Bird Bath

How did the angel rose garden come to be? It was Divine intervention. Driving home from church one evening in Dallas, Texas I heard Kathleen Battle sing “All Night, All Day Angel’s Watching Over Me” on 101.1 FM. Listen to this haunting lullaby. You will never forget it. The lyrics are so simple, now this lullaby is part of our evening bed time repertoire for the babies.

How Many Roses Are Too Many?

The answer to the question is: when you run out of space. Have you noticed that most beautiful gardens are usually in back yards literally hidden from view? You work sometimes your entire life creating a stationary work of art and unless you have an “open house” only your eyes and the eyes of God will see those flowers that open once only to have the petals flutter to the ground in a season unseen.

Angel Watching Over My Glasses
Angel Bird Bath & Izzabelle Watching Over My Glasses

My mantra is a “garden is meant to be shared.”

The logical expansion place for your garden is at your front door. We had over 225 roses in Texas. When we moved to Illinois I told ‘Big Daddy’ that perhaps we should have a rose garden that consisted of maybe 35 roses.

'Tropical Lightning' Blooming on 4th of July Week-End
‘Tropical Lightning’ Blooming on 4th of July Week-End in the Angel Rose Garden

Then I changed the inventory to no more than 100.

The plan was to put the gardens in in stages and show you that everyone can start over and have rose gardens established and blooming rapidly.  Thus emerged the angel water fountain and bird bath by the brick planter at the front door and the “Angel Rose Garden” because I believe a garden can be enhanced by titillating the 5 senses, sight, the sound of water or wind chimes, and fragrance.

One Of These Things Is Not Like The Others
One Of These Things Is Not Like The Others |  Angel Watching Over Lost Glasses 😉

Roses in the Angel Rose Garden

  • ‘Cinco de Mayo
  • ‘Yabba Dabba Doo
  • ‘Tropical Lightning’
  • 2 ‘Top Gun’ (Resistant To Rose Rosette)
  • ‘Grande Dame’
  • ‘Easy To Please’

*When these bareroot roses arrived some are own-root roses, which I find to be more winter hardy. I soaked all of the roses in water that I add a Haven Brand tea bag, its a product a friend makes on her Haven Farm. Its an organic, all natural, organic, American made, soil conditioner called MooPoo Tea. Call, tweet or email Annie Twitter: @GreenSoil with any questions she will get right back to you ASAP.

People asked me what else I use and I add soil amendments I used to mix myself until I found that Beaty Fertilizer makes Mill Mix. Its Called Mills Rose Magic and I add it as the totally organic soil amendments I used to buy in 40-50 pound bags at the feed store and mix myself but now its all I use

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Building A New Rose Garden

 
Welcome To Green Acres: “What’s A Hybrid Tea?”

Starting over can be hard to do. Add giving up your award-winning dream rose garden, designed with love and filled with over 200 varieties it can be doubly hard. Living in a vibrant booming metro area, accepting the exceptional as the norm was a gradual paradigm shift for me. It never occurred to me I might have difficulty locating the rose varieties I left behind in my Plano award winning rose garden*.“

“He who would have beautiful roses in his garden must have beautiful roses in his heart.”     ~ Reverend Dean Hole     

My first indication it might be difficult to locate the varieties of container roses I was looking for was when I called the closest garden center (that I had to locate by going online and downloading the list of landscape & garden centers in the area) I could find and asking the garden associate that answered the phone if they had hybrid teas. Who promptly replied, “What’s a hybrid tea?”

This is ‘Black Cherry’ in my Plano, Texas garden. Thrilled to locate it at Jackson & Perkins its in this garden now! It came in a 2 quart container!

“Where can I find roses like you have?”

The question most often asked of me at the Chicago Flower & Garden Show while I worked at the rose garden promoting membership in the American Rose Society for ten days all day every day was, “where can I find roses like yours?” Thanks to Jackson and Perkins now you can have the varieties of roses you see in my pictures without the grief I had locating them. In a populated metroplex I had become used to selecting roses from a landscape & garden center that had roses nicely potted in containers placed all in a row, alphabetized by their name that published the list of availability a season in advance to download. Moving to a rural area was a wake-up call and a learning experience.

Transition From Gentrified Urban Rosarian To Rural Rose Gardener
Transition From Gentrified Urban Rosarian To Rural Rose Gardener

From Gentrified Urban Rosarian To Country Rose Gardener

As a totally spoiled DFW Metroplex dweller, the garden center I chose my roses from delivered them in 5 gallon containers on a flatbed truck. They also list their roses each year on their Web site in the fall of each year announcing the roses that will be available in February of the next year.

Jackson & Perkins Rose Garden | 2018 Test Roses

In this rural area of Illinois now like so much of the country where so many folks live that want roses, the closest garden center that sells any potted roses in containers is 80 miles away. Then when I drove to this garden center I found the selection wanting because after having a discussion with the owner of the Landscape Center on how he arrived upon his rose buying decisions the family run store said he gave the order form to an employee and they selected roses based on whether they liked the names. His inventory had already told the story. Roses that were ‘out of patent’ that had great names were sitting on his floor.

 

Black Cherry, Floribunda Rose Gagasgarden
I was Looking For Roses Like ‘Black Cherry’ Seen here growing in my Plano, Texas Garden

Spoiled pampered Gentrified Urban Rosarian that I was I thought I would waltz into the local Garden Center and select my container roses growing in 5 gallon pots and have all the roses I needed ordered and delivered to my new gardens.  Wrong. The  closest Landscape & Garden Center with any selection of container roses is 80 miles away and they didn’t then and still don’t carry the varieties I want.

So let’s talk about the facts.

Percentage of the Population in Rural Areas | Growth Target To Sell Roses

Welcome to Rural America Retailers

The rural portions of metropolitan areas with fewer than 1,000,000 residents cover 94 percent of their land areas. These areas include approximately 20 million residents, or 34 percent of the nation’s rural population. Only six percent of the land area in these metropolitan areas is urban.

Outside Metropolitan Area

This leaves a minority of 27.5 million rural residents living outside the metropolitan areas.Metropolitan areas are defined by OMB as labor markets with core urban areas between 10,000 and 50,000, and are not considered metropolitan. Approximately 98.5 percent of the land in micropolitan areas is rural. The rural population of micropolitan areas is 13 million. other 14 million rural residents live outside the micropolitan areas. However, there are still 4.7 million urban residents outside both metropolitan and micropolitan areas, with each of these urban areas having fewer than 10,000 residents.

Rural Land in Metropolitan America

Even where America is most urban, a strong rural element remains. This is illustrated in the Northeast Corridor, the “megalopolis” defined by Jean Gottman more than a half-century ago. The urbanization he identified is still short of continuous along the corridor. Rural areas interfere with urbanization in parts of Maryland, New Jersey, Connecticut and Massachusetts. Nearly 60 percent of the land area in these adjacent metropolitan areas remains rural (Figure 5).

Question: Where Do You Get Your Roses Now?

I get my roses from the one of oldest most trusted brand names in America, a name that is synonymous with roses: Jackson & Perkins. I remember my mother buying roses and trusting Jackson & Perkins as her rose source. Now the 3rd rose garden has been transitioned back to where my heart leads me. It’s a Jackson & Perkins test rose garden. It has 4 Jackson & Perkins roses that as of yet are unmanned. Some of the most famous rose breeders have worked with Jackson & Perkins.  The roses in the garden are in the list below, you can click and vote on whether you like them. The biggest surprise I have saved for last. While in Chicago I worked, as you know representing Chicago Flower Show Director, Tony Abruscato and he partnered with Chicago Sculpture Exhibit. The artists would come and spend some time at the rose garden where we had their sculptures.

Sculpture by Michael Young | Chicago Sculpture Exhibit

Since I was there full time representing the rose garden, I also spoke for the sculpture artists as well. Michael Young is an artist that I ended up promoting and I believe we may have sold some of his pieces and the piece that was on display. Soon we hope to have a Michael Young Sculpture to set off the beauty of this Jackson & Perkins exquisite Rose Garden.

The Roses in The Jackson & Perkins Rose Garden

[listly id=”1XxG” layout=”gallery” per_page=”25″]

Benefits of the American Rose Society

Your comments & shares are welcome especially that I support the American Rose Society that offers so much in return for a minimal investment. Its one of the few memberships that still print a beautiful magazine 6 times a year with valuable educational information, a newsletter and an invaluable tool to choose roses: The American Rose Societies handbook for Selecting Roses, and once a year the Rose Annual. I have contributed articles to the newsletter, magazine and the Rose Annual, and would be happy to provide you with a copy of each.

*The Texas Rose Garden won Dallas Rose Society ‘Best Large Garden’ and was on the Plano Garden Tour, and was the recipient of many photography awards, blue ribbons as well, request rose bio for a list of all awards.

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