A basal break is a new cane that sprouts from the bud union on grafted roses and from the ground on roses grown on their own root. The most exciting discovery for rose lovers are new basal breaks on their rose bushes. Fresh, renewed growth â€“ the sign of a healthy plantâ€“ and a promise of new flowers to come makes our work exciting and worthwhile.Use the proper toolsÂ Corona_Principles_of_Pruning
How Can We Protect Basal Breaks?
Today letâ€™s talk about pruning roses and some of the most finite processes that require delicate tools that let you feel like an artist or a surgeon.
Gardeners love to work with their hands. Thatâ€™s why we love tools. Tools that allow us to do more finite work make us feel in touch with the force of nature.
Its All In The Tools
You can see by the demonstration in the pictures how the needlenose pruners, loppers and the small fork allow us to get close to delicate growth while protecting it. These are the tools that let you get close and protect delicate new growth. A picture of how these tools work is worth a thousand words.
Have thee tools ready. God will find thee work. ~ Charles Kingsley
Temperatures in September are perfect to spend time in your rose garden throughout much of the country. You can enjoy the fruits of your labor and contemplate strategies for expansion and begin to winterize your roses. Make it a family activity by getting the children involved and teaching them about rose & garden care. Children love to help. My grandson with Down syndrome loves to haul bags of mulch. I donâ€™t know what it is about digging but give a child a garden trowel and a place to dig and you have a happy kid.
Also be on the look-out for plant bargains. At this time of year you can find the last of the season’s perennials; stragglers begging for a little TLC at the local garden centers. Plant them this fall and they’ll come roaring back as beautiful plants year after year. Garden tip: Save the name tags.
Fall in most parts of the country can produce a spectacular rose bloom. From Wisconsin to Texas Iâ€™ve seen roses blooming through the holidays. Remember roses can tolerate 3 days of hard frost of temperatures below 21 degrees before they are fully dormant for the season. So you can plan on roses for your bouquets for the Thanksgiving table even in Illinois, maybe Wisconsin. September is time to determine if there are still any American Rose Society rose shows in the area you may want to exhibit as well. The nights in the 2nd half of the month begin to get cooler which creates an environment for black spot and mildew, so continue your environmentally friendly spraying program to control black spot and mildew.
Here’s my September Rose Garden Check List. As I mentioned last year I swear by Will Radler’s method of winter rose protection. I publish Deb Kaiser’s method who I have the most respect for since she grows and cares for roses in Minnesota. I do believe roses in the far north require a bit more protection. Click for Deb Kaiser’s Winter Rose Protection Method Specialist of the Munsinger & Clemins Gardens, St. Cloud, MN.
“There are many factors why plants are winter hardy. ~ Will Radler
“When artificial means are used to bring a plant through winter, often they can conflict with some beneficial factors. For die-back-hardy woody plants, the simplest winter protection technique is applying a few inches of mulch year round. This allows the plant in the autumn to grow into its fullest state of natural dormancy. It prevents the soil from getting as cold as would in open ground. And it allows the plant to break dormancy slower in the spring. Cutting back the canes only in the spring provides shade to the lower branches and helps attract snow cover that insulates and guards against low temperature injury and fluctuating temperatures.” ~ Will Radler
Fall Rose Garden Check List
Dead-head for the last time, Allow rose hips* to form signaling its time for the plant to go into dormancy.
Remove debris, remember that black spot â€˜over-wintersâ€™ and you will battle it next spring if not removed.
Fertilize for the last time for the 2016 season, I add 2 cups of Mills Magic Rose Food at the base of the plant
Apply a layer of Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss.
Order, buy, spread hard wood mulch* as your winter cover; Iâ€™m using the William Radler winterizing method.
Prune the bush like a vase, I removed weak inside canes.
Each Rose bush will be covered for winter with hardwood mulch about 4-6 inches.
Inventory your garden rate your rose bushes: keepers, maybe, replace.
Order Name Plates If you show roses its essential that you correctly identify your rose or you can be dis-qualified for improper identification.
Deep watering method to 8 inches continue to water as long as the ground is not frozen.
11. Trim tall canes. In October you may want to trim tall canes that winter winds will blow and damage other bushes.
[listly id=”1Eax” layout=”full” per_page=”25″]
Q: What are Rosehips?
A: Blooms not cut will form rosehips which are the fruit of the rose plant containing the seeds. They form when you don’t cut spent blooms and start the bush into a slow dormancy process. You can remove the petals if you donâ€™t want the petals to fall into the garden. The formation of rosehips signals to the plant that its time to go into dormancy for winter. The plant then gently â€˜hardens offâ€™ for winter.
Q: Why do you use hard wood mulch?
A: Because hard wood mulch is fully organic and biodegradable breaking down completely to help convert nutrients in clay soil.
I would like to dedicate this year’s Winterizing Roses article to Marsha Collier who wrote “Ebay for Dummies’ because she was ask me about what to do in the fall with her roses. She is an avid rose gardener, and looks to me like she does most things very well. Thank-you Marsha!
Rose bloom cycles have unique patterns of growth that are distinguishable upon a visual registry of familiarity. A familiarity that is built on time and and meditative reflection together with your garden. What are some of the ways you can apply your own visualization system to describe the differences you see in your own microclimate?Â There are so many contributing factors occurring at different times yet the same variables continue to impact what you see. Only a visualization system can fully record the full effect. Your garden takes on distinguishable patterns of growth that are determined by these factors just to name a few.
Dates of pruning
As a former merchandiser Iâ€™ve suggested to gardeners that you keep a diary of historic natural events that impact your garden. All of our buying of merchandise was based on history. The same can be said for plans in your garden. Much of what will happen and your plans to purchase and budgets are based on historical data.
One of the most unusual patterns Iâ€™ve noticed in a visualization system of record keeping is that each rose bush no matter how itâ€™s pruned grows back in the same symmetry. Year in and year out established bushes will recreate a pattern of growth quite similar if not almost the same in symmetric patterning. The genetic code reproduces an almost perfect replica of itself after a winter dormancy year in and year out. A mystery to me and yet one I observe and is part of my visualization system.
For your visualization system start a journal and take note of the varieties that are most likely to have the most similar growth patterns. Record these things:
What do you like about the growth characteristics?
Does the plant generate the same number of canes each year?
When do basal breaks occur?
What contributing factors change the plant growth pattern?
“If you can’t say something nice, don’t say anything at all.” Did your Mama or Daddy teach you this, or even Grandmother?
As grown-ups my kids said to me “Mom, we had no idea you didn’t like bell peppers.” Because green peppers are a ‘super food’, I cooked with them and made stuffed green peppers. My entire family love green peppers. It was and is important to me that my children make their own decisions without me influencing them with negative comments.
We can heavily influence our friends and family by portraying people, plants & products in a positive light. You know its true. A third-party endorsement and good PR about a product or person is far more valuable than an advertisement. Why? Because anyone that can write a check can buy advertising; but when real people say good things about people or products it has the power to influence our decisions about that person, plant or product. I know I read the Amazon Reviews written by real people before I decide to buy a product.
Hereâ€™s an example about roses. I grew the popular hybrid tea rose ‘John F. Kennedy’ in N. Illinois in the 80â€™s. It didnâ€™t perform well for me. I grew to dislike the rose. So when my Texas rose garden apprentice, friend and neighbor, Karen Crelia chose ‘John F. Kennedy’ for her front yard show piece rose I didnâ€™t say one word. Remember there are variables in play like the Texas soil, climate Â and which grower grew her plant that may affect how well her JFK would do. In the Texas climate and soil ‘John F. Kennedyâ€™ may do very well. Guess what? Her â€˜John F. Kennedyâ€™ was spectacular!
So Here We Grow Again
â€˜John Fâ€™ Kennedyâ€™ is blooming in the sandy loam soil of central Illinois with Organic Mechanics, organic soil. I add 2 cups ofÂ Mills Magic Rose Food. in the organic soil mix and top with Canadian Spagnum Peat Moss.Â This is my first bloom of â€˜John F. Kennedyâ€™ it was just planted this spring as a bare root rose. It looks like it’s going to do very well.
By the way. Chris Van Cleave said his Grandmother told him “If you can’t say something nice then come sit by me.” I love that quote!
Things began to be tossed about in the rose garden. ‘Golden Showers'(LCI), a yellow large-flowered climber I just planted next to ‘Dublin Bay’ was dug up. The bird bath was slung into ‘Love Song’. Weight of the planters was no object.
It looked like a mini-Incredible Hulk was on a rose-garden rampage. Enter trail-cam. ‘Big Daddy’ is a problem solver. We needed facts. What type of creature are we dealing with? The first night I forgot and let our kitties, re-gifted to us by our grand-kids, fondly known as the garage girls outside and we captured a black kitty.
The second night we camouflaged the cage with ‘Big Daddy’s’ tarp. The temptation that landed us our Rose Garden midnight marauder was sardines! Oh yeah!
Take note that Rosy must have felt right at home in the rose garden since we have a raccoon carving ‘Welcome Statue Carving’ at the entrance of the rose walkway. Look at the Trail Cam pic for the Raccoon carving. Irony abounds at Gaga’s Garden. Now Rosy Raccoon is captured. We believe in safe catch and release. We took her/him to a safe space in the witness protection program, a new identity, by a lake where there are no farms or homes for him to cause mischief or meet us back home before we get back.