Fall is a time for reflection. Time seems to slow down. Even the clock falls back. This autumn in Illinois the leaves took on reflective hues that seemed to dance and play in a slow waltz as the inevitable drift toward winter. The whole process of fall color is fairly well understood, yet so complex the reason for it is less clear.
Suddenly this year as the days got cooler,
vibrant colors of gold, yellow, purple, red and brown began to emerge. The shimmering light of sunrise and sunset lit the forests as if they were bathed in liquid gold.
Most everyone thinks cool weather or frost cause the leaves to change color. Temperature can affect the autumn color and its intensity, but temperature is only one of many factors that play a part in painting the woods in glorious color.
This year we had a growing season with ample moisture that was followed by a dry, cool, sunny autumn that has been marked by warm days and cool but frost-less nights that provided perfect weather conditions for the brightest fall colors. Lack of wind and rain prolonged the brilliant displays until the recent strong storms across Illinois. This article includes a pictorial of the beauty of the autumn this fall.
With winter just around the corner hereâ€™s a simple and concise Tips For Winterizing Your Roses:
“TOP 11 TIPS”
FOR WINTERIZING YOUR ROSE GARDENÂ Â
The blooming season comes to a close in autumn. During this dormant stage, take care of important gardening tasks, to ensure your next spring is as breathtaking as you always dreamed!
First you want to prevent breakage of your rose canes from winter winds by reducing the height of your plants. Broken canes can be a source of entry for diseases. Waist height is a good rule of thumb. Leave your climbers tall but secure them because most climbers bloom â€˜on established canesâ€™. Prune climbers after the first bloom in the spring. You can shape your tree roses if they have small non-productive canes.
Mulch, leaves and organic soil can be mounded around the base of rose plants to protect from winter freezes. Its important to protect the graft on budded roses.
Shut down the timed irrigation systems for winter but remember in many zones your roses may still need to be watered during the winter.
Move container plants that you can inside.
Container grown plants should be moved closer to the house to protect against winter winds. See â€œOui Built a Greenhouse for $142.ooâ€ on www.gagasgarden.com
The fall and winter months are the best time to go through the online catalogs I have listed on www.gagasgarden.com then order bareroot roses to arriveÂ January through mid-April.Â Replace plants that are reduced to less than 3 healthy canes (pencil diameter), or with new and better varieties. Review the pictures on gagasgarden.com of the roses that you like and you can order them from online catalogs already.
Dilute Lime-Sulfur with water and spray over entire bed including the ground.Â This is very important to rid your garden of black spot spores that would harbor over the winter.
The local Agricultural Extension Agency is where you obtain soil testing & evaluation. Then if needed apply lime to obtain a pH of around 6 to 6.5.
Transplanting roses can be done successfully during this dormant stage.Â Carefully prepare the new spot 16″ deep, enriched with cow manure and soil conditioner.Â Placing spade 10″ from base of plant dig straight down into the bed in a circle around the plant, trying not to cut roots.Â Lift the plant with the shovel and carry it directly to the new spot.Â Fill in soil and cover the plant with a mound of mulch.Â Water 3-5 gal.
Autumn is the perfect time to prepare the soil for winter or spring planting. Turn over the soil 16″ deep and apply proper soil amendments to produce a light loamy mixture.
Do a careful inventory of your equipment then clean, sharpen and oil shears and pruners to prepare for spring pruning.
“Veterans Day is a U.S. legal holiday dedicated to American veterans of all wars. In 1918, on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, an armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities, was declared between the Allied nations and Germany in World War I, then known as â€œthe Great War.â€ Commemorated in many countries as Armistice Day the following year, November 11th became a federal holiday in the United States in 1938. In the aftermath of World War II and the Korean War, Armistice Day became legally known as Veterans Day.” ~ The History Channel.
‘Veteran’s Honor’, A Rose Fit To Honor Our Heros
‘Veteran’s Honor’ was bred by Dr. Keith Zary and introduced by Jackson & Perkins, to be later named by them as ‘Rose of The Year’ in 2000. I planted and grow ‘Veterans’ Honor’ in honor of my father and all those who serve our great nation. It is a remarkable hybrid tea, strong, hardy with perfect color form and fragrance. Today I offer a portfolio of ‘Veteran’s Honor’ to honor my Father and your Father’s, Mother’s and relatives who have served. There are some roses that I hope to always have in the rose garden as long as I am able to have a rose garden and ‘Veteran’s Honor’ is one of those roses, along with ‘Peace’, ‘Let Freedom Ring’, and ‘Heaven’. Thank-you to each and every one of you Veterans. This post is for you.
How Did Veteran’s Day Come To Be?
An Act (52 Stat. 351; 5 U. S. Code, Sec. 87a) approved May 13, 1938, made the 11th of November in each year a legal holidayâ€”a day to be dedicated to the cause of world peace and to be thereafter celebrated and known as “Armistice Day.” Armistice Day was primarily a day set aside to honor veterans of World War I, but in 1954, after World War II had required the greatest mobilization of soldiers, sailors, Marines and airmen in the Nationâ€™s history; after American forces had fought aggression in Korea, the 83rd Congress, at the urging of the veterans service organizations, amended the Act of 1938 by striking out the word “Armistice” and inserting in its place the word “Veterans.” With the approval of this legislation (Public Law 380) on June 1, 1954, November 11th became a day to honor American veterans of all wars.
First Veterans’ Day Proclamation
Later that same year, on October 8th, President Dwight D. Eisenhower issued theÂ first “Veterans Day Proclamation”Â which stated: “In order to insure proper and widespread observance of this anniversary, all veterans, all veterans’ organizations, and the entire citizenry will wish to join hands in the common purpose. Toward this end, I am designating the Administrator of Veterans’ Affairs as Chairman of a Veterans Day National Committee, which shall include such other persons as the Chairman may select, and which will coordinate at the national level necessary planning for the observance. I am also requesting the heads of all departments and agencies of the Executive branch of the Government to assist the National Committee in every way possible.”
There are many reasons to start over; a new job, starting a career, or to be close to family. You may have a vacation home or want to downsize but still want to garden. We moved back to Illinois because we both grew up in Illinois. Our work situations had provided us with the opportunity to travel extensively to every state in the union. During my husbandâ€™s travel he decided he loved Illinois and thereâ€™s no place on earth he would rather be. A corporate transfer for me from Chicago to New York City, then Plano, Texas resulted in building a home in Plano, Texas in 1987 and acquiring over 200 roses by 2011. In 2011 we decided at that point we had acquired the house in Central Illinois and the house in Plano, Texas and thought rather than keep working all the time to support two homes and that lifestyle we would downsize and start over in Illinois.
Starting Over Offers New Opportunities
You may not go willingly, but once you set your mind to it, the change may be filled with new opportunities. We sold the Texas home and moved to Illinois from Texas in 2011 leaving behind rose gardens that I had invested heart and soul creating. The Illinois property sits on 3 1/2 acres of rolling sandy loam hills, and did not have a single rose. Leaving behind the rose gardens in Plano, TexasÂ (the safest city in America of its size unless you’re my kidnapped lawn decorations)Â that took 20 years to collect, I wanted to put in a rose garden that would get the quickest results. I decided to put rose gardens in in stages and share it with you dear readers.
Floribunda Roses Offer Quick Results
That type rose garden that gets quick results is a floribunda rose garden. Floribundas are known for their ability to bear flowers in large clusters and profusion of bloom. Another advantage floribunda roses have is their ability to bloom continually whereas hybrid teas exhibits a bloom cycle every six to seven weeks. Let me give you a little back story here, this Illinois property is located 40 miles from Starbucks and 80 miles from Home Depot.Â *Â So to locate my new roses I thought I would just pull up the list of roses online from a large garden center like I did in the DFW area, order my roses and have them delivered. Now I have come to learn a valuable lesson the hard way, or I would have dug up quite a few roses I probably will never be able to locate again. And also a large segment of the population that want roses like I grow donâ€™t live in large Metro areas.
From 3 minutes from a Starbucks to 40 miles
Now after living in Plano, Texas; a totally consumer centric life style driven by hopping in the car for a 3 minute drive to Starbucks for coffee, Whole Foods, and Central Market type of living to being 15 miles from Walmart I was in culture shock. A friend down the street said his son told him â€œSusan and Richard are in the witness protection program.â€ His dad asked him why would he think that? He said â€œWhy else after all the wonderful cities that theyâ€™ve lived would they ever move to Ramsey?â€ Susan what’s your point? They don’t sell potted fancy rose bushes out here either. Can you imagine my shock trying to find a landscape center that sold potted hybrid teas? I called the nearest landscape center 40 miles away and asked if they carried hybrid teas and the answer to my question was “what’s that?”. You see there are trade-offs to my â€˜Green Acresâ€™, lifestyle. And Iâ€™m not saying starting over is always easy. Nothing worth doing is ever easy, but it has been worth it.
Come To ‘Papa’! ‘Papa Floribunda’ ‘Gene Boerner’ That Is
So now you see why when I spotted ‘Gene Boerner’ at Rural King, in September of 2011, I was shocked and nearly shed a tear. They carry primarilyÂ Star Roses ‘KnockOutÂ®’ roses, which I love also but I wanted more than only ‘KnockOuts’Â®. They had very little selection in hybrid tea or floribunda roses, so to see one ‘Gene Boerner’ which has a stellar reputation and came out in 1968 and is still rated in the ARS* Handbook of Selecting Roses an 8.2 I grabbed it and planted it as the first floribunda in my Illinois floribunda garden.
Who Was ‘Gene Boerner’?
Once I looked up the history of ‘who is Gene Boerner’ the irony wasn’t lost on me. ‘Gene Boerner’ is known as ‘Papa Floribunda’. A jovial man he worked his entire life at Jackson & Perkins where he hybridized more than 60 roses! I’m so glad the first rose in our floribunda rose garden was and is ‘Gene Boerner.’ Known as ‘Papa Floribunda’ of Jackson & Perkins ‘Gene Boerner’ is symbolic to me for many reasons. Jackson & Perkins is a brand that is symbolic to America for roses. ‘Gene Boerner’, Floribunda you see pictured here is one of the first roses to bloom each spring. It’s disease resistant, has a fabulous shape, color, it blooms in clusters and lasts forever.
Sometimes Back To Basics Is Best
Soon I realized the remaining roses I wanted were available online. Many folks donâ€™t realize that their garden centers order their roses from growers bare root and get them early in the season and pot them in containers so they leaf out by the time the weather is lovely and spring like when we are ready to shop in the garden centers for our potted roses. Years ago when I first started growing roses all the roses I planted were barefoot that I got from my local Northeast Rose Society. If you havenâ€™t checked out your local rose society please do folks because most members are willing to help you and share their knowledge. When I was new to growing roses, rose society senior members would stop by my house and make sure I had all my questions answered and that was way back when I was in my twenties living along the North Shore of Lake Michigan north of Chicago. Whatâ€™s important in the roses you get is the grade and how many healthy canes are on the rose bush. Be sure you have at least three healthy canes.
The Illinois Floribunda Rose Garden
So here are the stages of the first rose garden in Illinois, beginning with Jackson & Perkins â€˜Gene Boernerâ€™ then I found their exclusive â€˜Kimberlinaâ€™, â€˜Icebergâ€™, I planted bare root, â€˜Betty Boopâ€™, â€˜Playboyâ€™, â€˜Sunspriteâ€™ and â€˜Rainbow Sorbetâ€™,
Garden Legends Live On By Designs & Impressions They Leave on The Earth | Our Hearts and Minds
Garden Legends, please check out my page on Facebook, are stories about people, plants, & companies and how their passion for creating better, more beautiful, easy to grow plants will live on as a tribute to them by rooting and grounding beautiful plants across the land in the hearts and gardens of people everywhere. Along with Gene Boerner, two of the most notable American Rose Breeders; Bill Warriner often called “the No.1 rose breeder in the United States and Dr. Keith Zary have created the most famous roses today while at Jackson & Perkins.Â
Rose Legends: ‘Papa Floribunda’, Bill Warriner, & Dr. Keith Zary created 100’s & 100’s of the World’s Best Roses of Today while at Jackson & Perkins
While working with Jackson & Perkins Roses,Â â€“ at the time a nearly 80-year-old rose propagation company in Newark known for its award-winning roses named for famous people, Warriner introduced the prize-winning hybrids â€˜Gay Princessâ€™, â€˜Gene Boernerâ€™ and â€˜First Prize’.
He later won 19 All-America awards for his rose introductions still while working on Jackson & Perkins hybrids.
His hybridizing accomplishments were outstanding. In his job as overseer of some 100,000 seedlings in the Jackson & Perkins research facility in Irvine, CA where he developed new rose strains, he became the only rose hybridizer in the 40-year-old All-American Rose Society to win All-American honors for three new breeds, Love, Honor and Cherish, in one year, 1980. I planted all three in my Plano, Texas garden.
Trust Roses That Have Won Multiple Awards by the World’s Best Rose Breeders
Bill Warriner retired as director of Jackson & Perkins research after working with the company for 25 years and developing 150 varieties of roses! His creations have continued to gain prestige since his retirement. Bill Warriner passed away at the age of 69 in 1991.
Dr. Zary is only the second US rose breeder to win the President’s International Trophy (PIT) and Gold Medal Award of the Royal National Rose Society. The rose that won is called ‘Greetings’, a white centered, purple shrub/landscape-type rose that is currently not available in the US, but is sold in England.
Another one of the first roses I planted in the Illinois floribunda garden is a rose exclusive to Jackson & Perkins called ‘Kimberlina’ bred by Dr. Keith Zary. Why is this important to you? Because we want you to be successful with the roses you buy and plant. The American Rose Society requested we review some roses in our garden. Here are some of the the roses of the season that are the first to bloom: with a video of ‘Kimberlina’ to show hundreds if not a thousand buds ready to burst into bloom. http://If you want lush candelabras of roses, rapid bloom cycles, and a rose garden to enjoy for color and the joy of being in your own rose garden you want floribundas.
*If you haven’t checked out theÂ American Rose Society, current President of the American Rose Society, Pat Shanley believes in sustainable rose gardening and is dedicated to every aspect to growing better roses. She also oversees the magazine the “American Rose” magazine, along with Executive Director, Laura Seabaugh. This magazine is completely dedicated to promoting gardening, education, preservation and appreciation of the rose. The American Rose Society isÂ one of the few societies left that continues to publish a print publication 6 times a year along with several newsletters/bulletins and provides each member with a “Handbook for Selecting Roses” and “Creating a Beautiful Rose Garden” booklet.Â Former president & rose education advocate Jolene Adams believes that the only way to dispel the myth that roses are difficult to grow is rose growing education. The American Rose Society is dedicated to providing you the gardener with education on how to grow better roses. If you haven’t check them out. Rosarians are standing by to answer your questions.Â Rose.orgÂ
Dating back 40 million years the first trace of roses have been found in fossils discovered in Colorado’s Florissant Fossil. Montana and Oregon have rose fossils dating back 35 million years ago before humans came into existence. Roses have been around since the dawn of time. There’s scientific evidence of roses in extreme Northern climates such as Alaska and Norway. Perceived as a warm weather plant it’s not confirmed that any rose grew in the wild below the equator.
The rose’s origin is believed to be 60-70 million years ago during the Eocene Era in Central Asia, spreading all over the Northern Hemisphere. Discoveries show us that the first civilizations to appreciate and cultivate roses were about 5000 years ago:
First Civilizations To Cultivate Roses
Confucius, famous Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history tells us that the Chinese Emperor’s library had several hundred books on roses.
During the Han Dynasty (207 B.C.-220 A.D.) rose gardening had reached such a peak it encroached upon agricultural lands.
The Chinese Emperor issued an order to plow under some rose gardens!
Contrary to the Chinese Emperor’s edict we plowed under our crops for roses. It’s difficult to admit failure however I’m as allergic to tomato vines as I am to poison ivy! So it didn’t take an issue from a Chinese Emperor to plow under our vegetable crops, it only took a request by Jackson and Perkins to put in test gardens and their 2018-2019 roses.
My therapist, advisor, expert gardener daughter-in-law, as a reader of many gardening Web sitesÂ explained to me, that you, dear reader, would occasionally like to hear of a crop failure. Well dear readers here’s mine: Tomatoes! Since you are used to beautiful rose pictures these pictures come with a warning. You may want to take the kids out of the room, what you are about to see Â could be disturbing. 😉
It Didn’t Take An Order From a Chinese Emperor To Convince Me To Put In The Jackson & Perkins Trial Rose Gardens
The proliferation of roses continue as of this writing according to Beth Smiley Editor of The American Rose Magazine, the official magazine of the American Rose Society*there are between 60-70,000 named roses. There are Species roses that are roses that have been growing wild for hundreds of thousands of years. Old garden roses are roses that were cultivated before the year 1867. Modern garden roses are the roses that have been introduced since 1867. Within these three groups, roses are divided based on their classes. Class divisions take into account their growth habits, the type of foliage they produce and the form the rose takes when it is fully formed. Jackson & Perkins is working with rose breeders to create roses that are what people tell us they want in their gardens
Hybridizers of roses today are listening to you, the rose gardener while developing better roses. Here’s what people say they want in their roses:
Variety of Color
That’s why we’ve kept a historical diary for years to compare factors that affect roses from season to season. You read above where the Egyptians required the citizens to plow under the roses for their crops, as a rosarian that plowed under the crops of vegetable gardens for the Jackson & Perkins rose trial gardens we’ll be keeping extensive records for you to learn about the best roses for your garden. Here are pictures of the roses.
Trial Roses In The Jackson & Perkins Rose Garden
The Newest Rose Garden
Here’s a link to the post showing you other great roses that we’ve put in the garden. We’ve also started a Jackson & Perkins Kordes Roses Sunbelt Garden that includes the Biltmore winner Polar Express Sunbelt. Planted just last April as bare root roses these roses are doing spectacularly with more info for you being gathered. Stay tuned for videos and articles.
Check Out The Best Rose Resource The American Rose Society
If you haven’t checked out theÂ American Rose Society, current President of the American Rose Society, Pat Shanley believes in sustainable rose gardening and is dedicated to every aspect to growing better roses. She also oversees the magazine the “American Rose” magazine, along with Executive Director, Laura Seabaugh. This magazine is completely dedicated to promoting gardening, education, preservation and appreciation of the rose. The American Rose Society isÂ one of the few societies left that continues to publish a print publication 6 times a year along with several newsletters/bulletins and provides each member with a “Handbook for Selecting Roses” and “Creating a Beautiful Rose Garden” booklet.Â
Former president & rose education advocate Jolene Adams believes that the only way to dispel the myth that roses are difficult to grow is rose growing education. The American Rose Society is dedicated to providing you the gardener with education on how to grow better roses. If you haven’t check them out. Rosarians are standing by to answer your questions.Â Rose.orgÂ
Itâ€™s the dog days of summer. Excessive heat can create conditions for our roses to produce smaller blooms and stunted growth to preserve water. Many gardeners donâ€™t realize that right now is the time to prepare for a glorious fall rose display.
August is the time to prepare for a spectacular fall rose bloom
September, October, November and even up until Christmas, fall is perfect throughout much of the country to spend time in your rose garden. You can enjoy the fruits of your labor, contemplate strategies for expansion and begin to winterize your roses. The cooler temperatures of fall create a glorious canvas for the fall rose show. It’s time now to begin the process of cutting back roses for your fall bloom. ‘Kimberlina’, a ‘Floribunda of the Year’ 2009 winner is such a spectacular rose in the fall I chose it to show you how to cut back your roses to create a spectacular fall bloom.
Cutting Back Your Roses For Fall
Cooler Temperatures of Fall Intensify Colors
Cooler temperatures in fall create a palette of colors that makes your roses look doubly magnificent. From Wisconsin to Texas Iâ€™ve seen roses continue to bloom through the holidays. Roses can tolerate 3 days of hard frost of temperatures below 21 degrees before they are fully dormant for the season. So you can plan on roses for your bouquets for the Thanksgiving table in Illinois, maybe even Wisconsin. September is time to determine if there are still any American Rose Society rose shows in the area you may want to exhibit at as well.
Here are some ‘Rose of the Year’ winners and roses exclusive to Jackson & Perkins that I’ve grown from IL to Texas successfully that bloom beautifully all season and into the fall:
The nights begin to get cooler which creates an environment for black spot* and mildew so water early in the day allowing time for your garden to dry out before night fall. When you travel, and if you are putting in a small rose garden, the perfect watering solution is planting your roses in the Greenwell Water Saver
Nature Demands Balance
When roses (and virtually any other plant) reach the point of excessive water stress, they don’t “feed,” nor do they try to grow, they simply endure the heat to remain alive. That’s why even when you’re watering daily with what feels like excessive water amounts, many rose bushes will begin shedding their leaves to reduce their water stress. Many folks mistakenly think that dropping of leaves means their plant may be dying or they have â€œdone something wrong.â€ Let’s dispel the myth. This is natureâ€™s way of plant preservation during excessive heat. Since roses transpire through their foliage, dropping some of their leaves helps minimize water loss. This slows and can literally stop the flow of sap from the roots upward, so no food is taken in. Remember cutting back for fall to leave some foliage because roses feed through their leaves. Nature demands balance. Even in times of extreme heat I have seen my roses continue to remain pretty with just smaller blooms and less frequent bloom cycles. Roses seem to go into almost a dormancy state to conserve energy and water during the hottest part of summer.
August Rose Garden Check List
Remove all debris from the garden
Check for spider mites by feeling the underside of the leaves, they look & feel like salt and pepper and can be removed with a water jet sprayÂ
Replace mulch as needed to conserve water and keep your bed cooler
Continue watering program, plant new roses using Greenwell Water Saver
Order fall rose deals and companion plants like clematis specials that you can plant now.Â
Summer Rose Watering Guide
90+ degrees: Â Â Water every day
80 degrees: Â Â Â Â Â Water every two days
70 degrees: Â Â Â Â Â Water every three days
60 degrees: Â Â Â Â Â Water every four days
50 degrees: Â Â Â Â Â Water every five days
Check hanging baskets and container roses daily because they dry out much faster than plants planted in the ground
Check on any fall rose shows, cut roses back for rose shows and State Fairs
Cut back your roses and stagger the times of pruning from now thru through the end of September when you want to start to let your roses form rose hips and go into dormancy so they donâ€™t bloom all at once (what’s known as â€˜croppingâ€™)
Prune your rose like a vase
How To Cut Back Your Roses For A Fabulous Fall Bloom
A good rule of thumb is to prune your rose bush about one-third to one-half their height. Prune out dead wood. Leave the strong hardy canes. Just deadhead your new rose bushes.
Folks that show roses cut back for the rose shows in their area or for the County and State Fairs. If you plan on showing in your local rose shows then cut back your roses based on this handy guide to approximately how long it takes to grow a rose:
Repeat Rose Cycles In Days Â
Hybrid teas, grandifloras, and floribundas: Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 42 to 54 Days
Multi-Petal Floribundas (Europeana):Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 54-60 daysÂ
Single Petal Floribundas (Playboy)Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 35 DaysÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Miniatures Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â 35-42 DaysÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Follow this guide to a spectacular fall rose bloom and you can enjoy autumn in your garden and your roses will enter into winter dormancy the better for it as stronger plants.
Organic treatment for black spot
* Treatment: According to author and horticultural professor Jeff Gillman, who has conducted extensive research on black spot remedies, a spray composed of one part cow’s milk* and two parts water is the best answer to the disease. When applied weekly, the solution controls black spot as well as any synthetic fungicide, including Chlorotalonil.
Gillman says he thinks it’s the lactoferrin that milk contains that makes it effective against black spot. Lactoferrin also helps to fight diseases in people.
*any fat content you prefer. Rice, soy, and almond milk will have no affect on roses.
ANOTHER UPDATE: 2/3 water and 1/3 milk solution works on black spot. The solution also acts as a deer repellent according to the West Virginia Botanical Garden. I haven’t tried it with the raccoons as of yet, but I sure intend to try it.